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There has been a slow increase in the political. Birth rate: This entry gives the average annual number of births during a year per 1, persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth.

It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population. Death rate: This entry gives the average annual number of deaths during a year per 1, population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth.

This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining. Net migration rate: This entry includes the figure for the difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1, persons based on midyear population.

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An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration e. The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population chan. This entry provides two measures of the degree of urbanization of a population. The first, urban population, describes the percentage of the total population living in urban areas, as defined by the country.

The Native ghana women naked, rate of urbanization, describes the projected average rate of change of the size of the urban population over the given period of time. Additionally, the World entry includes Native ghana women naked list of the ten largest urban agglomerations.

An urban agglomeration is defined as comprising th. Major urban areas - population: This entry provides the population of the capital and up to six major cities defined as urban agglomerations Native ghana women naked populations of at leastpeople. An urban agglomeration is defined as comprising the city or town proper and also the suburban fringe or thickly settled territory lying outside of, but adjacent to, the boundaries of the city. For smaller countries, lacking urban centers ofor more, only the population of the capital is presented.

Sex ratio: This entry includes the number of males for each female in five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, years, 65 years and over, and for the total population.

Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed visit web page sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns Native ghana women naked fertilit.

Buitensex com Watch Perfect ass porn amateur Video Rukhsana Xxx. But there are some notable cultural differences. For one, Ghanaian men have no qualms about being affectionate—including with each other. Imagine the raised eyebrows at seeing men — self-described straight men — holding hands, hugging and dancing in groups with each other. That would never happen here in the States. However, despite having a more modern feel to the country, in some ways Ghanaians, particularly Ghanaian men, still tend to lean more on traditional gender roles. For instance, Stephanie from Brooklyn, another traveler on the tour, was sitting with me and having food and drinks at the lounge at our hotel in Accra. By human rights, he meant gender equality. And he was done with the conversation before we even started. According to both men, who hail from the Ashanti region, the foreigners, particularly NGO non-government organizations , have imposed their own values on Ghana, including the belief that women are being oppressed. Therefore, more women are willing to delay marriage and leave their husbands for what both men described as the most frivolous of reasons. How silly is that? This is changing the discourse of how the role of women in the workplace and the nature of their jobs are evolving with time. When women were employed in the same line of work as men, they were paid equal wages, and they were granted maternity leave with pay. Reproduction related cases are the cause of many health problems for women in Ghana. This number was lower than that for boys, which was 77 per 1, The birthrate for adolescents aged 15—19 in Ghana is 60 per women. Both fought against abortions, and reduced about 50 percent of the child and maternal mortality rates. Among women 15—49 years old, According to MICS, this is called unmet need. In , the Government of Ghana announced that it had eliminated maternal and neonatal tetanus. Pregnant women are more vulnerable to malaria due to depression of the immune system. In accordance, the poorest women in Ghana show the highest rates of sleeping under mosquito nets, while the richest show the lowest rates. A law passed in allows for legal abortion in Ghana under certain conditions. These conditions include rape, incest, or risk the mental or physical health of the woman. However, unsafe abortion remains prevalent, and abortion remains the highest contributor to maternal mortality. Among women in the poorest households, only Of the women who achieved NHIS membership, Women of all ages, socio-economic statuses, and geographic location in Ghana are affected by different forms of violence against women. Domestic violence is one of the most common forms of violence against women in Ghana. Historically, Ghanian women have faced violence from certain cultural practices. Efforts have been made by both the government and non-governmental organizations to end acts of violence against women. There are multiple factors that are believed to be influential in the high rates of domestic violence in Ghana. Traditional gender roles in Ghana keep women in the homes to care of the children, while men are expected to be the breadwinners. Spousal abuse is more common when women choose to follow a career outside the home. The practice of polygyny in Ghana also contributes to rates of domestic violence. Women in urban areas face different rates of domestic violence than women in rural areas in Ghana. The Ghanian government has attempted to end domestic violence against women. Rape is a major issue in Ghana. Marital rape is also a major issue in Ghana. The Criminal Code in Ghana previously had a marriage exception, which stated "a person may revoke any consent which he has given to the use of force against him, and his consent when so revoked shall have no effect for justifying force save that the consent given by a husband or wife at marriage, for the purposes of the marriage, cannot be revoked until the parties are divorced or separated by a judgement or decree of a competent court. Despite legislation against marital rape, there remains a social view that the happenings inside the home are private matters that should not be publicly addressed. Young girls also face sexual assault in Ghana. FGM in Ghana can be performed at multiple points in a girls life. The exact number of women and girls involved in human trafficking in Ghana is unknown. It is thought that relatives accused them of witchcraft in order to take control of their husbands' possessions. Feminist organizing has increased in Ghana as women seek to obtain a stronger role in their democratic government. In , a coalition of women created the Women's Manifesto for Ghana , a document that demands economic and political equality as well as reproductive health care and other rights. These are some of the main issues Ghanaian women face. The practice of gender mainstreaming has been debated in Ghana. There is ongoing discourse over whether gender issues should be handled at the national level or by sector ministries and where the economic resources for the women's movement in Ghana should come from. The NCWD's is fervent in its stance that the social and economic well-being of women, who compose slightly more than half of the nation's population, cannot be taken for granted. Among these considerations the NCWD stressed family planning , child care , and female education as paramount. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Science Technology. Arts Humanities. Popular culture. List of sports. By country. See also: Education in Ghana. Health in Ghana. Childbirth in Ghana. Women's suffrage Muslim countries US. First Second Third Fourth. Variants general. Variants religious. Lists and categories. Lists Articles Feminists by nationality Literature American feminist literature Feminist comic books. World Economic Forum. African Journal of Reproductive Health. Ghana Journal of Development Studies. BMC Public Health. International Labor and Working-Class History Perspectives from Ghana's Parliament". Journal of Alternative Perspectives in the Social Sciences. Ghana La Verle Berry, editor. This article incorporates text from this source , which is in the public domain. Retrieved 14 March Journal of Comparative Family Studies. Gage-Brandon Family Welfare and Sexual Inequality in Ghana". Population Studies. Retrieved 27 April The Central Intelligence Agency. This entry shows who does the spending in an economy: The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total percent of GDP if the data are complete. GDP - composition, by sector of origin: This entry shows where production takes place in an economy. The distribution gives the percentage contribution of agriculture, industry, and services to total GDP, and will total percent of GDP if the data are complete. Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other private economic activities that do not prod. Agriculture - products: This entry is an ordered listing of major crops and products starting with the most important. This entry provides a rank ordering of industries starting with the largest by value of annual output. Industrial production growth rate: This entry gives the annual percentage increase in industrial production includes manufacturing, mining, and construction. Labor force: This entry contains the total labor force figure. Labor force - by occupation: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by sector of occupation. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other economic activities that do not produce material goods. The distribution will total less than percent if the data are incomplete and may range from percent due to rounding. Unemployment rate: This entry contains the percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted. Population below poverty line: National estimates of the percentage of the population falling below the poverty line are based on surveys of sub-groups, with the results weighted by the number of people in each group. Definitions of poverty vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations. Household income or consumption by percentage share: Data on household income or consumption come from household surveys, the results adjusted for household size. Nations use different standards and procedures in collecting and adjusting the data. Surveys based on income will normally show a more unequal distribution than surveys based on consumption. The quality of surveys is improving with time, yet caution is still necessary in making inter-country comparisons. Distribution of family income - Gini index: This index measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of family income in a country. The index is calculated from the Lorenz curve, in which cumulative family income is plotted against the number of families arranged from the poorest to the richest. The index is the ratio of a the area between a country's Lorenz curve and the 45 degree helping line to b the entire triangular area under the 45 degree line. The more nearly equal a country's income distribution, the closer its. This entry includes revenues, expenditures, and capital expenditures. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i. Taxes and other revenues: This entry records total taxes and other revenues received by the national government during the time period indicated, expressed as a percent of GDP. Taxes include personal and corporate income taxes, value added taxes, excise taxes, and tariffs. Other revenues include social contributions - such as payments for social security and hospital insurance - grants, and net revenues from public enterprises. Normalizing the data, by dividing total revenues by GDP, enables easy comparisons acr. This entry records the difference between national government revenues and expenditures, expressed as a percent of GDP. Normalizing the data, by dividing the budget balance by GDP, enables easy comparisons across countries and indicates whether a national government saves or borrows money. Countries with high budget deficits relat. Public debt: This entry records the cumulative total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency. Public debt should not be confused with external debt, which reflects the foreign currency liabilities of both the private and public sector and must be financed out of foreign exchange earnings. Fiscal year: This entry identifies the beginning and ending months for a country's accounting period of 12 months, which often is the calendar year but which may begin in any month. All yearly references are for the calendar year CY unless indicated as a noncalendar fiscal year FY. Inflation rate consumer prices: This entry furnishes the annual percent change in consumer prices compared with the previous year's consumer prices. Central bank discount rate: This entry provides the annualized interest rate a country's central bank charges commercial, depository banks for loans to meet temporary shortages of funds. Commercial bank prime lending rate: This entry provides a simple average of annualized interest rates commercial banks charge on new loans, denominated in the national currency, to their most credit-worthy customers. Stock of narrow money: This entry, also known as "M1," comprises the total quantity of currency in circulation notes and coins plus demand deposits denominated in the national currency held by nonbank financial institutions, state and local governments, nonfinancial public enterprises, and the private sector of the economy, measured at a specific point in time. Because of exchange rate moveme. Stock of broad money: This entry covers all of "Narrow money," plus the total quantity of time and savings deposits, credit union deposits, institutional money market funds, short-term repurchase agreements between the central bank and commercial deposit banks, and other large liquid assets held by nonbank financial institutions, state and local governments, nonfinancial public enterprises, and the private sector of the economy. National currency units have been converted to US dollars at the closing exchange r. Stock of domestic credit: This entry is the total quantity of credit, denominated in the domestic currency, provided by financial institutions to the central bank, state and local governments, public non-financial corporations, and the private sector. Market value of publicly traded shares: This entry gives the value of shares issued by publicly traded companies at a price determined in the national stock markets on the final day of the period indicated. It is simply the latest price per share multiplied by the total number of outstanding shares, cumulated over all companies listed on the particular exchange. Current account balance: This entry records a country's net trade in goods and services, plus net earnings from rents, interest, profits, and dividends, and net transfer payments such as pension funds and worker remittances to and from the rest of the world during the period specified. This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise exports on an f. Exports - partners: This entry provides a rank ordering of trading partners starting with the most important; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value. India Exports - commodities: This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued exported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value. This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c. Imports - commodities: This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued imported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value. Imports - partners: China Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: This entry gives the dollar value for the stock of all financial assets that are available to the central monetary authority for use in meeting a country's balance of payments needs as of the end-date of the period specified. This category includes not only foreign currency and gold, but also a country's holdings of Special Drawing Rights in the International Monetary Fund, and its reserve position in the Fund. Debt - external: This entry gives the total public and private debt owed to nonresidents repayable in internationally accepted currencies, goods, or services. Stock of direct foreign investment - at home: This entry gives the cumulative US dollar value of all investments in the home country made directly by residents - primarily companies - of other countries as of the end of the time period indicated. Direct investment excludes investment through purchase of shares. Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad: This entry gives the cumulative US dollar value of all investments in foreign countries made directly by residents - primarily companies - of the home country, as of the end of the time period indicated. Exchange rates: This entry provides the average annual price of a country's monetary unit for the time period specified, expressed in units of local currency per US dollar, as determined by international market forces or by official fiat. The International Organization for Standardization ISO alphabetic currency code for the national medium of exchange is presented in parenthesis. Closing daily exchange rates are not presented in The World Factbook, but are used to convert stock values - e. Electricity access: Electrification data — collected from industry reports, national surveys, and international sources — consists of four subfields. Population without electricity provides an estimate of the number of citizens that do not have access to electricity. Electricity - production: This entry is the annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours. Electricity - consumption: This entry consists of total electricity generated annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. Electricity - exports: This entry is the total exported electricity in kilowatt-hours. Electricity - imports: This entry is the total imported electricity in kilowatt-hours. Electricity - installed generating capacity: This entry is the total capacity of currently installed generators, expressed in kilowatts kW , to produce electricity. A kilowatt kW generator will produce 10 kilowatt hours kWh of electricity, if it runs continuously for one hour. Electricity - from fossil fuels: This entry measures the capacity of plants that generate electricity by burning fossil fuels such as coal, petroleum products, and natural gas , expressed as a share of the country's total generating capacity. Electricity - from nuclear fuels: This entry measures the capacity of plants that generate electricity through radioactive decay of nuclear fuel, expressed as a share of the country's total generating capacity. Electricity - from hydroelectric plants: This entry measures the capacity of plants that generate electricity by water-driven turbines, expressed as a share of the country's total generating capacity. Electricity - from other renewable sources: This entry measures the capacity of plants that generate electricity by using renewable energy sources other than hydroelectric including, for example, wind, waves, solar, and geothermal , expressed as a share of the country's total generating capacity. Crude oil - production: Crude oil - exports: Crude oil - imports: Crude oil - proved reserves: This entry is the stock of proved reserves of crude oil, in barrels bbl. Proved reserves are those quantities of petroleum which, by analysis of geological and engineering data, can be estimated with a high degree of confidence to be commercially recoverable from a given date forward, from known reservoirs and under current economic conditions. Refined petroleum products - production: Refined petroleum products - consumption: Refined petroleum products - exports: Refined petroleum products - imports: Natural gas - production: This entry is the total natural gas produced in cubic meters cu m. Natural gas - consumption: This entry is the total natural gas consumed in cubic meters cu m. Natural gas - exports: This entry is the total natural gas exported in cubic meters cu m. Natural gas - imports: This entry is the total natural gas imported in cubic meters cu m. Natural gas - proved reserves: This entry is the stock of proved reserves of natural gas in cubic meters cu m. Proved reserves are those quantities of natural gas, which, by analysis of geological and engineering data, can be estimated with a high degree of confidence to be commercially recoverable from a given date forward, from known reservoirs and under current economic conditions. Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy: This entry is the total amount of carbon dioxide, measured in metric tons, released by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. Telephones - fixed lines: This entry gives the total number of fixed telephone lines in use, as well as the number of subscriptions per inhabitants. Telephones - mobile cellular: This entry gives the total number of mobile cellular telephone subscribers, as well as the number of subscriptions per inhabitants. Note that because of the ubiquity of mobile phone use in developed countries, the number of subscriptions per inhabitants can exceed Telephone system: This entry includes a brief general assessment of the system with details on the domestic and international components. CB - citizen's band mobile radio communications. Cellular telephone system - the telephones in this system are radio transceivers, with each instrument having its o. Broadcast media: Internet country code: Internet users: This entry gives the total number of individuals within a country who can access the Internet at home, via any device type computer or mobile and connection. The percent of population with Internet access i. Statistics vary from country to country and may include users who access the Internet at least several times a week to those who access it only once within a period of several months. Broadband - fixed subscriptions: This entry gives the total number of fixed-broadband subscriptions, as well as the number of subscriptions per inhabitants. Fixed broadband is a physical wired connection to the Internet e. National air transport system: This entry includes four subfields describing the air transport system of a given country in terms of both structure and performance. The second subfield, inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers, lists the total number. Civil aircraft registration country code prefix: This entry provides the one- or two-character alphanumeric code indicating the nationality of civil aircraft. Article 20 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation Chicago Convention , signed in , requires that all aircraft engaged in international air navigation bear appropriate nationality marks. The aircraft registration number consists of two parts: This entry gives the total number of airports or airfields recognizable from the air. The runway s may be paved concrete or asphalt surfaces or unpaved grass, earth, sand, or gravel surfaces and may include closed or abandoned installations. Airports or airfields that are no longer recognizable overgrown, no facilities, etc. Note that not all airports have accommodations for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. Airports - with paved runways: This entry gives the total number of airports with paved runways concrete or asphalt surfaces by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - 1 over 3, m over 10, ft , 2 2, to 3, m 8, to 10, ft , 3 1, to 2, m 5, to 8, ft , 4 to 1, m 3, to 5, ft , and 5 under m under 3, ft. Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Not all. Airports - with unpaved runways: This entry gives the total number of airports with unpaved runways grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces by length. Only airports with usable runways are included in this listin. This entry gives the lengths and types of pipelines for transporting products like natural gas, crude oil, or petroleum products. This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge, which is the measure of the distance between the inner sides of the load-bearing rails. The four typical types of gauges are: Other gauges are listed under note. Gauges vary by country and sometimes within countries. The choice of gauge during initial construction was mainly in resp. This entry gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions. This entry gives the total length of navigable rivers, canals, and other inland bodies of water..

Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean average age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a Native ghana women naked indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use — particularly among married and unmarried adolescents — delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.

Native ghana women naked mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate MMR is the annual number of female deaths perlive births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management excluding accidental or incidental causes.

The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.

Infant mortality rate: This entry gives the number of Native ghana women naked of infants under one year old in a given year per 1, live births in the same year. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country. Life expectancy at birth: This entry contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born Native ghana women naked the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future.

Life expectancy at birth is also a Native ghana women naked of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of Native ghana women naked actuarial measures. Total fertility rate: This entry gives a figure for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age.

The total fertility rate TFR is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers Native ghana women naked births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population change in the country.

A rate of two children per woman is considered the replaceme. Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent Native ghana women naked women of reproductive age who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. It is also useful in understanding, Native ghana women naked, present, and future fertility trends, especially in more info countries.

Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors physiciansincluding generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1, of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine.

They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that f. Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1, people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most article source, beds for both acute and chronic care are included.

Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is.

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Drinking water source: Improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: Unimproved drinking water - use Native ghana women naked any of the following sources: Sanitation facility access: Improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: Unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: This entry gives an Native ghana women naked of all people adults and children alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS. This entry gives an estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year.

Major infectious diseases: This entry lists major infectious diseases likely read more be encountered in countries where the risk of such diseases is assessed to be very high as Native ghana women naked to the United States. These infectious diseases represent risks to US government personnel traveling to the specified country for a period of less than three years.

The degree of risk is assessed by considering the foreign nature of these infectious diseases, their severity, and the probability of being affected by the diseases present. Obesity - adult prevalence Native ghana women naked This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese.

BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters. Children under the age of 5 years underweight: This entry gives the percent of children under five considered to be underweight. Underweight means weight-for-age is approximately 2 kg below for standard at age one, 3 kg below standard for ages two and three, and 4 kg below Native ghana women naked for ages four and five.

This statistic is an indicator of the nutritional status of a community. Education expenditures: This entry provides the public expenditure on education as a percent of GDP. This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females.

There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook.

Native ghana women naked total fertility rate fell significantly during the s and s but has stalled at around four children per woman for the last few years. Fertility remains higher in the northern region than the Greater Accra region.

Information on literacy, while not a perfect measu. School life expectancy primary to tertiary education: School life expectancy SLE is the total number of years of schooling primary to tertiary that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.

Caution must be Native ghana women naked when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms Native ghana women naked educational content or qualit.

Unemployment, youth ages This entry gives the percent of the total labor force ages unemployed during a specified year.

Country name: This entry includes all forms of the country's name approved by Native ghana women naked US Board on Geographic Names Italy is used as an example: Also see the Terminology note. Republic of Ghana. Gold Coast.

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Government Native ghana women naked This entry gives the basic form of government. Definitions of the major governmental terms are as follows. Note that for some countries more than one definition applies. Absolute monarchy - a form of government where the monarch rules unhindered, i. Anarchy - a condition of lawlessness or political click at this page brought about by the absence of governmental authority.

Authoritarian - a form of government in whic. Where appropriate, a special note Native ghana women naked been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones. Administrative divisions: This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names BGN.

Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by the BGN are noted. Geographic names conform to spellings approved by the BGN with the exception of the omission of diacritical marks and special characters. For most countries, this entry gives the date that sovereignty was achieved and Native ghana women naked which nation, empire, or trusteeship. For the other countries, the date given may not represent "independence" in the strict sense, but Native ghana women naked some significant nationhood event such as the traditional founding date or the date of unification, federation, confederation, establishment, fundamental change in the form of government, or state succession.

For a number of countries, the establishment of statehood. National holiday: This entry gives the primary national day of celebration - usually independence day. Independence Day, 6 March The history subfield includes the dates of previous constitutions Native ghana women naked the main steps and dates in formulating and implementing the latest constitution. Legal system: This entry provides the description of a country's legal system. A statement on judicial review of legislative acts is also included for a number of countries.

The legal systems of nearly all countries are generally modeled upon elements of five main types: An addition. International law organization participation: Appendix B: This entry gives the age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted. Executive branch: This entry includes five subentries: Chief of state includes the name, title, and beginning date in office of the titular leader of the country Native ghana women naked represents the state at official and ceremonial functions but may not be involved with the day-to-day activities of the government.

Head of government includes the name, title of the top executive designated to manage the executive branch of the government, a. Council of Ministers; nominated by the president, approved by Parliament.

Legislative branch: This entry has three subfields.

Myfreewebcam videos Watch College announcer says fucking south carolina missouri Video Medina xxx. Therefore, more women are willing to delay marriage and leave their husbands for what both men described as the most frivolous of reasons. How silly is that? As Kobina explained, there are duties in society that each gender is expected to perform. Women are expected to take care of the house, take care of the children, take care of the men and perform their womanly duties every night — the latter of which was emphasized many times. In fact, said Kobina, when it comes to the home front, the family is very matriarchal. While women do most of the housework including laundry, cooking and the cleaning, women also keep order and call most of the shots in the house, particularly decisions around the family. But then I asked about our visit to the local weaving craft village, where we witnessed how the process to make the ink they used to die fabric was divided between the genders. What about that?. And after all that huffing and puffing she does, the guy casually picks up the ink, puts it in a pot and stirs it — and that is the extent of his job. According to him, men are the ones who cut the wood and bring the food to make the stuff in the pot. Who do you think finds the food? In some circles, there was even the fear that a girl's marriage prospects dimmed when she became educated. Where girls went to school, most of them did not continue after receiving the basic education certification. Others did not even complete the elementary level of education, despite the Education Act of which expanded and required elementary school. At numerous workshops organized by the National Council on Women and Development NCWD between and , the alarming drop-out rate among girls at the elementary school level caused great concern. Given the drop-out rate among girls, the National Council on Women and Development NCWD called upon the government to find ways to remedy the situation. The disparity between male and female education in Ghana was again reflected in the national census. Although the ratio of male to female registration in elementary schools was 55 to 45, the percentage of girls at the secondary-school level dropped considerably, and only about 17 percent of them were registered in the nation's universities in According to United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization UNESCO figures published in , the percentage of the female population registered at various levels of the nation's educational system in showed no improvement over those recorded in Girls' access to education has shown improvement since then. Even though women have a higher population percentage, education rates are 10 percent higher for men. Inequality in gender enrollment in school remains an issue in Ghana. Economic and cultural norms factor into the decision of whether a son or daughter will attend school if a family cannot afford to send multiple children. Public university education in Ghana has been found to be inequitable. During pre-modern Ghanaian society, in rural areas of Ghana where non-commercial agricultural production was the main economic activity, women worked the land. Although women made up a large portion of agricultural work, in it was reported that women only accounted for Many of the financial benefits that accrued to these women went into upkeep of the household, while those of the man were reinvested in an enterprise that was often perceived as belonging to his extended family. This traditional division of wealth placed women in positions subordinate to men. The persistence of such values in traditional Ghanaian society may explain some of the resistance to female education in the past. For women of little or no education who lived in urban centres , commerce was the most common form of economic activity in the s. At urban market centres throughout the country, women from the rural areas brought their goods to trade. Other women specialized in buying agricultural produce at discounted prices at the rural farms and selling it to retailers in the city. These economic activities were crucial in sustaining the general urban population. From the mids to the early s, however, urban market women, especially those who specialized in trading manufactured goods, gained reputations for manipulating market conditions and were accused of exacerbating the country's already difficult economic situation. With the introduction of the Economic Recovery Program in and the consequent successes reported throughout that decade, these accusations began to subside. Today, women make up There are distinct differences in artisan apprenticeships offered to women and men, as well. Men are offered a much wider range of apprenticeships such as carpenters , masons , blacksmiths , mechanics , painters , repairers of electrical and electronic appliances, upholsters , metal workers , car sprayers, etc. In contrast, most female artisans are only involved in either hairdressing or dressmaking. Women are flourishing in teaching professions. Early s' data showed that about 19 percent of the instructional staff at the nation's three universities in was female. Of the teaching staff in specialized and diploma -granting institutions, 20 percent was female; elsewhere, corresponding figures were 21 percent at the secondary-school level; 23 percent at the middle-school level, and as high as 42 percent at the primary-school level. Women also dominated the secretarial and nursing professions in Ghana. Although women have been assigned secretarial roles, some women are bridging the gap by learning how to code and take on men's role such as painters, electricians etc. This is changing the discourse of how the role of women in the workplace and the nature of their jobs are evolving with time. When women were employed in the same line of work as men, they were paid equal wages, and they were granted maternity leave with pay. Reproduction related cases are the cause of many health problems for women in Ghana. This number was lower than that for boys, which was 77 per 1, The birthrate for adolescents aged 15—19 in Ghana is 60 per women. Both fought against abortions, and reduced about 50 percent of the child and maternal mortality rates. Among women 15—49 years old, According to MICS, this is called unmet need. In , the Government of Ghana announced that it had eliminated maternal and neonatal tetanus. Pregnant women are more vulnerable to malaria due to depression of the immune system. In accordance, the poorest women in Ghana show the highest rates of sleeping under mosquito nets, while the richest show the lowest rates. A law passed in allows for legal abortion in Ghana under certain conditions. These conditions include rape, incest, or risk the mental or physical health of the woman. However, unsafe abortion remains prevalent, and abortion remains the highest contributor to maternal mortality. Among women in the poorest households, only Of the women who achieved NHIS membership, Women of all ages, socio-economic statuses, and geographic location in Ghana are affected by different forms of violence against women. Domestic violence is one of the most common forms of violence against women in Ghana. Historically, Ghanian women have faced violence from certain cultural practices. Efforts have been made by both the government and non-governmental organizations to end acts of violence against women. There are multiple factors that are believed to be influential in the high rates of domestic violence in Ghana. Traditional gender roles in Ghana keep women in the homes to care of the children, while men are expected to be the breadwinners. Spousal abuse is more common when women choose to follow a career outside the home. The practice of polygyny in Ghana also contributes to rates of domestic violence. Women in urban areas face different rates of domestic violence than women in rural areas in Ghana. The Ghanian government has attempted to end domestic violence against women. Rape is a major issue in Ghana. Marital rape is also a major issue in Ghana. The Criminal Code in Ghana previously had a marriage exception, which stated "a person may revoke any consent which he has given to the use of force against him, and his consent when so revoked shall have no effect for justifying force save that the consent given by a husband or wife at marriage, for the purposes of the marriage, cannot be revoked until the parties are divorced or separated by a judgement or decree of a competent court. Despite legislation against marital rape, there remains a social view that the happenings inside the home are private matters that should not be publicly addressed. Young girls also face sexual assault in Ghana. FGM in Ghana can be performed at multiple points in a girls life. The exact number of women and girls involved in human trafficking in Ghana is unknown. It is thought that relatives accused them of witchcraft in order to take control of their husbands' possessions. Feminist organizing has increased in Ghana as women seek to obtain a stronger role in their democratic government. In , a coalition of women created the Women's Manifesto for Ghana , a document that demands economic and political equality as well as reproductive health care and other rights. These are some of the main issues Ghanaian women face. The practice of gender mainstreaming has been debated in Ghana. There is ongoing discourse over whether gender issues should be handled at the national level or by sector ministries and where the economic resources for the women's movement in Ghana should come from. The NCWD's is fervent in its stance that the social and economic well-being of women, who compose slightly more than half of the nation's population, cannot be taken for granted. This entry gives the percent of children under five considered to be underweight. Underweight means weight-for-age is approximately 2 kg below for standard at age one, 3 kg below standard for ages two and three, and 4 kg below standard for ages four and five. This statistic is an indicator of the nutritional status of a community. Education expenditures: This entry provides the public expenditure on education as a percent of GDP. This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measu. School life expectancy primary to tertiary education: School life expectancy SLE is the total number of years of schooling primary to tertiary that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age. Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or qualit. Unemployment, youth ages This entry gives the percent of the total labor force ages unemployed during a specified year. Country name: This entry includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names Italy is used as an example: Also see the Terminology note. Republic of Ghana. Gold Coast. Government type: This entry gives the basic form of government. Definitions of the major governmental terms are as follows. Note that for some countries more than one definition applies. Absolute monarchy - a form of government where the monarch rules unhindered, i. Anarchy - a condition of lawlessness or political disorder brought about by the absence of governmental authority. Authoritarian - a form of government in whic. Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones. Administrative divisions: This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names BGN. Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by the BGN are noted. Geographic names conform to spellings approved by the BGN with the exception of the omission of diacritical marks and special characters. For most countries, this entry gives the date that sovereignty was achieved and from which nation, empire, or trusteeship. For the other countries, the date given may not represent "independence" in the strict sense, but rather some significant nationhood event such as the traditional founding date or the date of unification, federation, confederation, establishment, fundamental change in the form of government, or state succession. For a number of countries, the establishment of statehood. National holiday: This entry gives the primary national day of celebration - usually independence day. Independence Day, 6 March The history subfield includes the dates of previous constitutions and the main steps and dates in formulating and implementing the latest constitution. Legal system: This entry provides the description of a country's legal system. A statement on judicial review of legislative acts is also included for a number of countries. The legal systems of nearly all countries are generally modeled upon elements of five main types: An addition. International law organization participation: Appendix B: This entry gives the age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted. Executive branch: This entry includes five subentries: Chief of state includes the name, title, and beginning date in office of the titular leader of the country who represents the state at official and ceremonial functions but may not be involved with the day-to-day activities of the government. Head of government includes the name, title of the top executive designated to manage the executive branch of the government, a. Council of Ministers; nominated by the president, approved by Parliament. Legislative branch: This entry has three subfields. The description subfield provides the legislative structure unicameral — single house; bicameral — an upper and a lower house ; formal name s ; number of member seats; types of constituencies or voting districts single seat, multi-seat, nationwide ; electoral voting system s ; and member term of office. The elections subfield includes the dates of the last election and next election. Judicial branch: The highest court s subfield includes the name s of a country's highest level court s , the number and titles of the judges, and the types of cases heard by the court, which commonly are based on civil, criminal, administrative, and constitutional law. A number of countries have separate constitutional courts. The judge selection and term of office subfield includes the organizations and associated officials responsible for nominating and appointing j. Supreme Court consists of the chief justice and 12 justices. Political parties and leaders: This entry includes a listing of significant political parties, coalitions, and electoral lists as of each country's last legislative election, unless otherwise noted. International organization participation: This entry lists in alphabetical order by abbreviation those international organizations in which the subject country is a member or participates in some other way. Diplomatic representation in the US: This entry includes the chief of mission, chancery address, telephone, FAX, consulate general locations, and consulate locations. Such ambassadors fulfill all diplomatic functions except meeting with or appearing at functions attended by the president until such time as they formally present their credentials at a White Hou. New York. Diplomatic representation from the US: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations. Ambassador Stephanie S. Box , Accra. Flag description: The flags of independent states are used by their dependencies unless there is an officially recognized local flag. Some disputed and other areas do not have flags. National symbol s: A national symbol is a faunal, floral, or other abstract representation - or some distinctive object - that over time has come to be closely identified with a country or entity. Not all countries have national symbols; a few countries have more than one. National anthem: A generally patriotic musical composition - usually in the form of a song or hymn of praise - that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions, or struggles of a nation or its people. National anthems can be officially recognized as a national song by a country's constitution or by an enacted law, or simply by tradition. Although most anthems contain lyrics, some do not. God Bless Our Homeland Ghana. Economy - overview: This entry briefly describes the type of economy, including the degree of market orientation, the level of economic development, the most important natural resources, and the unique areas of specialization. It also characterizes major economic events and policy changes in the most recent 12 months and may include a statement about one or two key future macroeconomic trends. GDP purchasing power parity: This entry gives the gross domestic product GDP or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity PPP exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States in the year noted. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measur. GDP official exchange rate: The measure is simple to compute and gives a precise measure of the value of output. Many economists prefer this measure when gauging the economic power an economy maintains vis-. GDP - real growth rate: This entry gives GDP growth on an annual basis adjusted for inflation and expressed as a percent. The growth rates are year-over-year, and not compounded. This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year. Gross national saving: Gross national saving is derived by deducting final consumption expenditure household plus government from Gross national disposable income, and consists of personal saving, plus business saving the sum of the capital consumption allowance and retained business profits , plus government saving the excess of tax revenues over expenditures , but excludes foreign saving the excess of imports of goods and services over exports. The figures are presented as a percent of GDP. A negative. GDP - composition, by end use: This entry shows who does the spending in an economy: The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total percent of GDP if the data are complete. GDP - composition, by sector of origin: This entry shows where production takes place in an economy. The distribution gives the percentage contribution of agriculture, industry, and services to total GDP, and will total percent of GDP if the data are complete. Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other private economic activities that do not prod. Agriculture - products: This entry is an ordered listing of major crops and products starting with the most important. This entry provides a rank ordering of industries starting with the largest by value of annual output. Industrial production growth rate: This entry gives the annual percentage increase in industrial production includes manufacturing, mining, and construction. Labor force: This entry contains the total labor force figure. Labor force - by occupation: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by sector of occupation. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other economic activities that do not produce material goods. The distribution will total less than percent if the data are incomplete and may range from percent due to rounding. Unemployment rate: This entry contains the percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted. Population below poverty line: National estimates of the percentage of the population falling below the poverty line are based on surveys of sub-groups, with the results weighted by the number of people in each group. Definitions of poverty vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations. Household income or consumption by percentage share: Data on household income or consumption come from household surveys, the results adjusted for household size. Nations use different standards and procedures in collecting and adjusting the data. Surveys based on income will normally show a more unequal distribution than surveys based on consumption. The quality of surveys is improving with time, yet caution is still necessary in making inter-country comparisons. Distribution of family income - Gini index: This index measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of family income in a country. The index is calculated from the Lorenz curve, in which cumulative family income is plotted against the number of families arranged from the poorest to the richest. The index is the ratio of a the area between a country's Lorenz curve and the 45 degree helping line to b the entire triangular area under the 45 degree line. The more nearly equal a country's income distribution, the closer its. This entry includes revenues, expenditures, and capital expenditures. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i. Taxes and other revenues: This entry records total taxes and other revenues received by the national government during the time period indicated, expressed as a percent of GDP. Taxes include personal and corporate income taxes, value added taxes, excise taxes, and tariffs. Other revenues include social contributions - such as payments for social security and hospital insurance - grants, and net revenues from public enterprises. Normalizing the data, by dividing total revenues by GDP, enables easy comparisons acr. This entry records the difference between national government revenues and expenditures, expressed as a percent of GDP. Normalizing the data, by dividing the budget balance by GDP, enables easy comparisons across countries and indicates whether a national government saves or borrows money. Countries with high budget deficits relat. Public debt: This entry records the cumulative total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency. Public debt should not be confused with external debt, which reflects the foreign currency liabilities of both the private and public sector and must be financed out of foreign exchange earnings. Fiscal year: This entry identifies the beginning and ending months for a country's accounting period of 12 months, which often is the calendar year but which may begin in any month. All yearly references are for the calendar year CY unless indicated as a noncalendar fiscal year FY. Inflation rate consumer prices: This entry furnishes the annual percent change in consumer prices compared with the previous year's consumer prices. Central bank discount rate: This entry provides the annualized interest rate a country's central bank charges commercial, depository banks for loans to meet temporary shortages of funds. Commercial bank prime lending rate: This entry provides a simple average of annualized interest rates commercial banks charge on new loans, denominated in the national currency, to their most credit-worthy customers. Stock of narrow money: This entry, also known as "M1," comprises the total quantity of currency in circulation notes and coins plus demand deposits denominated in the national currency held by nonbank financial institutions, state and local governments, nonfinancial public enterprises, and the private sector of the economy, measured at a specific point in time. Because of exchange rate moveme. Stock of broad money: This entry covers all of "Narrow money," plus the total quantity of time and savings deposits, credit union deposits, institutional money market funds, short-term repurchase agreements between the central bank and commercial deposit banks, and other large liquid assets held by nonbank financial institutions, state and local governments, nonfinancial public enterprises, and the private sector of the economy. National currency units have been converted to US dollars at the closing exchange r. Stock of domestic credit: This entry is the total quantity of credit, denominated in the domestic currency, provided by financial institutions to the central bank, state and local governments, public non-financial corporations, and the private sector. Market value of publicly traded shares: This entry gives the value of shares issued by publicly traded companies at a price determined in the national stock markets on the final day of the period indicated. It is simply the latest price per share multiplied by the total number of outstanding shares, cumulated over all companies listed on the particular exchange. Current account balance: This entry records a country's net trade in goods and services, plus net earnings from rents, interest, profits, and dividends, and net transfer payments such as pension funds and worker remittances to and from the rest of the world during the period specified. This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise exports on an f. Exports - partners: This entry provides a rank ordering of trading partners starting with the most important; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value. India Exports - commodities: This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued exported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value. This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c. Imports - commodities: This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued imported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value. Imports - partners:.

The description subfield provides the legislative structure unicameral — single house; bicameral — an upper and a lower house ; formal name s ; number of member seats; types of constituencies or voting districts single seat, link, nationwide ; electoral voting system s ; and member term of office.

The elections subfield includes the dates of Native ghana women naked last election and next election.

Pornohata Indonesiacom Watch Lion and girl xxx image Video mexicangirlsporn. This entry gives the basic form of government. Definitions of the major governmental terms are as follows. Note that for some countries more than one definition applies. Absolute monarchy - a form of government where the monarch rules unhindered, i. Anarchy - a condition of lawlessness or political disorder brought about by the absence of governmental authority. Authoritarian - a form of government in whic. Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones. Administrative divisions: This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names BGN. Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by the BGN are noted. Geographic names conform to spellings approved by the BGN with the exception of the omission of diacritical marks and special characters. For most countries, this entry gives the date that sovereignty was achieved and from which nation, empire, or trusteeship. For the other countries, the date given may not represent "independence" in the strict sense, but rather some significant nationhood event such as the traditional founding date or the date of unification, federation, confederation, establishment, fundamental change in the form of government, or state succession. For a number of countries, the establishment of statehood. National holiday: This entry gives the primary national day of celebration - usually independence day. Independence Day, 6 March The history subfield includes the dates of previous constitutions and the main steps and dates in formulating and implementing the latest constitution. Legal system: This entry provides the description of a country's legal system. A statement on judicial review of legislative acts is also included for a number of countries. The legal systems of nearly all countries are generally modeled upon elements of five main types: An addition. International law organization participation: Appendix B: This entry gives the age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted. Executive branch: This entry includes five subentries: Chief of state includes the name, title, and beginning date in office of the titular leader of the country who represents the state at official and ceremonial functions but may not be involved with the day-to-day activities of the government. Head of government includes the name, title of the top executive designated to manage the executive branch of the government, a. Council of Ministers; nominated by the president, approved by Parliament. Legislative branch: This entry has three subfields. The description subfield provides the legislative structure unicameral — single house; bicameral — an upper and a lower house ; formal name s ; number of member seats; types of constituencies or voting districts single seat, multi-seat, nationwide ; electoral voting system s ; and member term of office. The elections subfield includes the dates of the last election and next election. Judicial branch: The highest court s subfield includes the name s of a country's highest level court s , the number and titles of the judges, and the types of cases heard by the court, which commonly are based on civil, criminal, administrative, and constitutional law. A number of countries have separate constitutional courts. The judge selection and term of office subfield includes the organizations and associated officials responsible for nominating and appointing j. Supreme Court consists of the chief justice and 12 justices. Political parties and leaders: This entry includes a listing of significant political parties, coalitions, and electoral lists as of each country's last legislative election, unless otherwise noted. International organization participation: This entry lists in alphabetical order by abbreviation those international organizations in which the subject country is a member or participates in some other way. Diplomatic representation in the US: This entry includes the chief of mission, chancery address, telephone, FAX, consulate general locations, and consulate locations. Such ambassadors fulfill all diplomatic functions except meeting with or appearing at functions attended by the president until such time as they formally present their credentials at a White Hou. New York. Diplomatic representation from the US: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations. Ambassador Stephanie S. Box , Accra. Flag description: The flags of independent states are used by their dependencies unless there is an officially recognized local flag. Some disputed and other areas do not have flags. National symbol s: A national symbol is a faunal, floral, or other abstract representation - or some distinctive object - that over time has come to be closely identified with a country or entity. Not all countries have national symbols; a few countries have more than one. National anthem: A generally patriotic musical composition - usually in the form of a song or hymn of praise - that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions, or struggles of a nation or its people. National anthems can be officially recognized as a national song by a country's constitution or by an enacted law, or simply by tradition. Although most anthems contain lyrics, some do not. God Bless Our Homeland Ghana. Economy - overview: This entry briefly describes the type of economy, including the degree of market orientation, the level of economic development, the most important natural resources, and the unique areas of specialization. It also characterizes major economic events and policy changes in the most recent 12 months and may include a statement about one or two key future macroeconomic trends. GDP purchasing power parity: This entry gives the gross domestic product GDP or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity PPP exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States in the year noted. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measur. GDP official exchange rate: The measure is simple to compute and gives a precise measure of the value of output. Many economists prefer this measure when gauging the economic power an economy maintains vis-. GDP - real growth rate: This entry gives GDP growth on an annual basis adjusted for inflation and expressed as a percent. The growth rates are year-over-year, and not compounded. This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year. Gross national saving: Gross national saving is derived by deducting final consumption expenditure household plus government from Gross national disposable income, and consists of personal saving, plus business saving the sum of the capital consumption allowance and retained business profits , plus government saving the excess of tax revenues over expenditures , but excludes foreign saving the excess of imports of goods and services over exports. The figures are presented as a percent of GDP. A negative. GDP - composition, by end use: This entry shows who does the spending in an economy: The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total percent of GDP if the data are complete. GDP - composition, by sector of origin: This entry shows where production takes place in an economy. The distribution gives the percentage contribution of agriculture, industry, and services to total GDP, and will total percent of GDP if the data are complete. Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other private economic activities that do not prod. Agriculture - products: This entry is an ordered listing of major crops and products starting with the most important. This entry provides a rank ordering of industries starting with the largest by value of annual output. Industrial production growth rate: This entry gives the annual percentage increase in industrial production includes manufacturing, mining, and construction. Labor force: This entry contains the total labor force figure. Labor force - by occupation: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by sector of occupation. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other economic activities that do not produce material goods. The distribution will total less than percent if the data are incomplete and may range from percent due to rounding. Unemployment rate: This entry contains the percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted. Population below poverty line: National estimates of the percentage of the population falling below the poverty line are based on surveys of sub-groups, with the results weighted by the number of people in each group. Definitions of poverty vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations. Household income or consumption by percentage share: Data on household income or consumption come from household surveys, the results adjusted for household size. Nations use different standards and procedures in collecting and adjusting the data. Surveys based on income will normally show a more unequal distribution than surveys based on consumption. The quality of surveys is improving with time, yet caution is still necessary in making inter-country comparisons. Distribution of family income - Gini index: This index measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of family income in a country. The index is calculated from the Lorenz curve, in which cumulative family income is plotted against the number of families arranged from the poorest to the richest. The index is the ratio of a the area between a country's Lorenz curve and the 45 degree helping line to b the entire triangular area under the 45 degree line. The more nearly equal a country's income distribution, the closer its. This entry includes revenues, expenditures, and capital expenditures. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i. Taxes and other revenues: This entry records total taxes and other revenues received by the national government during the time period indicated, expressed as a percent of GDP. Taxes include personal and corporate income taxes, value added taxes, excise taxes, and tariffs. Other revenues include social contributions - such as payments for social security and hospital insurance - grants, and net revenues from public enterprises. Normalizing the data, by dividing total revenues by GDP, enables easy comparisons acr. This entry records the difference between national government revenues and expenditures, expressed as a percent of GDP. Normalizing the data, by dividing the budget balance by GDP, enables easy comparisons across countries and indicates whether a national government saves or borrows money. Countries with high budget deficits relat. Public debt: This entry records the cumulative total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency. Public debt should not be confused with external debt, which reflects the foreign currency liabilities of both the private and public sector and must be financed out of foreign exchange earnings. Fiscal year: This entry identifies the beginning and ending months for a country's accounting period of 12 months, which often is the calendar year but which may begin in any month. All yearly references are for the calendar year CY unless indicated as a noncalendar fiscal year FY. Inflation rate consumer prices: This entry furnishes the annual percent change in consumer prices compared with the previous year's consumer prices. Central bank discount rate: This entry provides the annualized interest rate a country's central bank charges commercial, depository banks for loans to meet temporary shortages of funds. Commercial bank prime lending rate: This entry provides a simple average of annualized interest rates commercial banks charge on new loans, denominated in the national currency, to their most credit-worthy customers. Stock of narrow money: This entry, also known as "M1," comprises the total quantity of currency in circulation notes and coins plus demand deposits denominated in the national currency held by nonbank financial institutions, state and local governments, nonfinancial public enterprises, and the private sector of the economy, measured at a specific point in time. Because of exchange rate moveme. Stock of broad money: This entry covers all of "Narrow money," plus the total quantity of time and savings deposits, credit union deposits, institutional money market funds, short-term repurchase agreements between the central bank and commercial deposit banks, and other large liquid assets held by nonbank financial institutions, state and local governments, nonfinancial public enterprises, and the private sector of the economy. National currency units have been converted to US dollars at the closing exchange r. Stock of domestic credit: This entry is the total quantity of credit, denominated in the domestic currency, provided by financial institutions to the central bank, state and local governments, public non-financial corporations, and the private sector. Market value of publicly traded shares: This entry gives the value of shares issued by publicly traded companies at a price determined in the national stock markets on the final day of the period indicated. It is simply the latest price per share multiplied by the total number of outstanding shares, cumulated over all companies listed on the particular exchange. Current account balance: This entry records a country's net trade in goods and services, plus net earnings from rents, interest, profits, and dividends, and net transfer payments such as pension funds and worker remittances to and from the rest of the world during the period specified. This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise exports on an f. Exports - partners: This entry provides a rank ordering of trading partners starting with the most important; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value. India Exports - commodities: This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued exported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value. This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c. Imports - commodities: This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued imported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value. Imports - partners: China Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: This entry gives the dollar value for the stock of all financial assets that are available to the central monetary authority for use in meeting a country's balance of payments needs as of the end-date of the period specified. This category includes not only foreign currency and gold, but also a country's holdings of Special Drawing Rights in the International Monetary Fund, and its reserve position in the Fund. Debt - external: This entry gives the total public and private debt owed to nonresidents repayable in internationally accepted currencies, goods, or services. Stock of direct foreign investment - at home: This entry gives the cumulative US dollar value of all investments in the home country made directly by residents - primarily companies - of other countries as of the end of the time period indicated. Direct investment excludes investment through purchase of shares. Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad: This entry gives the cumulative US dollar value of all investments in foreign countries made directly by residents - primarily companies - of the home country, as of the end of the time period indicated. Exchange rates: This entry provides the average annual price of a country's monetary unit for the time period specified, expressed in units of local currency per US dollar, as determined by international market forces or by official fiat. The International Organization for Standardization ISO alphabetic currency code for the national medium of exchange is presented in parenthesis. Closing daily exchange rates are not presented in The World Factbook, but are used to convert stock values - e. Electricity access: Electrification data — collected from industry reports, national surveys, and international sources — consists of four subfields. Population without electricity provides an estimate of the number of citizens that do not have access to electricity. Electricity - production: This entry is the annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours. Electricity - consumption: This entry consists of total electricity generated annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. Well, you would be happy to know that there are some really good looking men in Ghana in a variety of styles and hues. But there are some notable cultural differences. For one, Ghanaian men have no qualms about being affectionate—including with each other. Imagine the raised eyebrows at seeing men — self-described straight men — holding hands, hugging and dancing in groups with each other. That would never happen here in the States. However, despite having a more modern feel to the country, in some ways Ghanaians, particularly Ghanaian men, still tend to lean more on traditional gender roles. For instance, Stephanie from Brooklyn, another traveler on the tour, was sitting with me and having food and drinks at the lounge at our hotel in Accra. By human rights, he meant gender equality. And he was done with the conversation before we even started. According to both men, who hail from the Ashanti region, the foreigners, particularly NGO non-government organizations , have imposed their own values on Ghana, including the belief that women are being oppressed. Therefore, more women are willing to delay marriage and leave their husbands for what both men described as the most frivolous of reasons. Despite the efforts of NGOs and political parties, female participation in politics in Ghana remains low. The lack of political participation from women in Ghana can be attributed to longstanding cultural norms. When women in Ghana take leadership positions, they can face discrimination. Polygyny refers to marriages in which men are permitted to have more than one wife at the same time. In precolonial times, polygyny was encouraged, especially for wealthy men. Polygamy was traditionally seen as a source of labor for men, as multiple wives allowed for more unpaid labor. In traditional societies, marriage under customary law was often arranged or agreed upon by the fathers and other senior kinsmen of the prospective bride and bridegroom. The age at which marriage was arranged varied among ethnic groups, but men generally married women somewhat younger than they were. Some of the marriages were even arranged by the families long before the girl attained puberty. The alienation of women from the acquisition of wealth, even in conjugal relationships , was strengthened by traditional living arrangements. Among matrilineal groups, such as the Akan , married women continued to reside at their maternal homes. Meals prepared by the wife would be carried to the husband at his maternal house. In polygynous situations, visitation schedules would be arranged. The wife, as an outsider in the husband's family, would not inherit any of his property, other than that granted to her by her husband as gifts in token appreciation of years of devotion. The children from this matrilineal marriage would be expected to inherit from their mother's family. The Dagomba , on the other hand, inherit from fathers. In these patrilineal societies where the domestic group includes the man, his wife or wives, their children, and perhaps several dependent relatives, the wife was brought into closer proximity to the husband and his paternal family. Her male children also assured her of more direct access to wealth accumulated in the marriage with her husband. Today, marriage dynamics generally vary between rural and urban areas. Polygyny is more common in rural areas, and a married woman is usually supported by large groups of relatives as well as co-wives. The urban woman is held more responsible for choosing her own husband as it is not based on lineage or her family's interests. Furthermore, the urban woman is seen as more of a partner than as a minor , as she would be in many rural settings. Women in premodern Ghanaian society were seen as bearers of children, farmers and retailers of produce. Within the traditional sphere, the childbearing ability of women was explained as the means by which lineage ancestors were allowed to be reborn. Barrenness was, therefore, considered the greatest misfortune. Given the male dominance in traditional society, some economic anthropologists have explained a female's ability to reproduce as the most important means by which women ensured social and economic security for themselves, especially if they bore male children. Rates of female-headed households are on the rise in Ghana. The number of female-headed households who are either widowed or divorced has also risen over time. Marital status is a significant factor in understanding differences in poverty rates. For example, widows are the group of female-headed households that exhibit the highest rates of poverty. There are social standards that women in Africa have to follow, depending on their culture and religion. An example of this is, president's wives in Africa are required to be present at official functions, yet preferably sons. Along with there being huge probability of a husband to take another wife if they are not successful to provide a son. Being able to change expectations put onto women and rules that cultures have, is difficult due to having to change the mindset of either a culture, a religion or a government. Overall, women in female-headed households bear more household and market work than do men in male-headed households, mostly because usually the female head of household is the only adult who is of working age or ability. Men are usually able to distribute work with a female spouse in male-headed households, as most men in male-headed households are married. The disparity in land ownership increases as wealth increases. In their Seven Roles of Women: Citing figures from the Ghana fertility survey of , the authors concluded that about 60 percent of women in the country preferred to have large families of five or more children. The largest number of children per woman was found in the rural areas where the traditional concept of family was strongest. Uneducated urban women also had large families. On the average, urbanized, educated, and employed women had fewer children. On the whole, all the interviewed groups saw childbirth as an essential role for women in society, either for the benefits it bestows upon the mother or for the honour it brings to her family. The security that procreation provided was greater in the case of rural and uneducated women. By contrast, the number of children per mother declined for women with post-elementary education and outside employment; with guaranteed incomes and little time at their disposal in their combined roles as mothers and employees, the desire to procreate declined. The transition into the modern world has been slow for women in Ghana. High rates of female fertility in Ghana in the s exhibit, historically, that women's primary role was that of child-bearing. Some parents were reluctant to send their daughters to school because their labor was needed in the home or on the farm. Resistance to female education also stems from the conviction that women would be supported by their husbands. In some circles, there was even the fear that a girl's marriage prospects dimmed when she became educated. Where girls went to school, most of them did not continue after receiving the basic education certification. Others did not even complete the elementary level of education, despite the Education Act of which expanded and required elementary school. At numerous workshops organized by the National Council on Women and Development NCWD between and , the alarming drop-out rate among girls at the elementary school level caused great concern. Given the drop-out rate among girls, the National Council on Women and Development NCWD called upon the government to find ways to remedy the situation. The disparity between male and female education in Ghana was again reflected in the national census. Although the ratio of male to female registration in elementary schools was 55 to 45, the percentage of girls at the secondary-school level dropped considerably, and only about 17 percent of them were registered in the nation's universities in According to United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization UNESCO figures published in , the percentage of the female population registered at various levels of the nation's educational system in showed no improvement over those recorded in Girls' access to education has shown improvement since then. Even though women have a higher population percentage, education rates are 10 percent higher for men. Inequality in gender enrollment in school remains an issue in Ghana. Economic and cultural norms factor into the decision of whether a son or daughter will attend school if a family cannot afford to send multiple children. Public university education in Ghana has been found to be inequitable. During pre-modern Ghanaian society, in rural areas of Ghana where non-commercial agricultural production was the main economic activity, women worked the land. Although women made up a large portion of agricultural work, in it was reported that women only accounted for Many of the financial benefits that accrued to these women went into upkeep of the household, while those of the man were reinvested in an enterprise that was often perceived as belonging to his extended family. This traditional division of wealth placed women in positions subordinate to men. The persistence of such values in traditional Ghanaian society may explain some of the resistance to female education in the past. For women of little or no education who lived in urban centres , commerce was the most common form of economic activity in the s. At urban market centres throughout the country, women from the rural areas brought their goods to trade. Other women specialized in buying agricultural produce at discounted prices at the rural farms and selling it to retailers in the city. These economic activities were crucial in sustaining the general urban population. From the mids to the early s, however, urban market women, especially those who specialized in trading manufactured goods, gained reputations for manipulating market conditions and were accused of exacerbating the country's already difficult economic situation. With the introduction of the Economic Recovery Program in and the consequent successes reported throughout that decade, these accusations began to subside..

Judicial branch: The highest court s subfield includes the name s of a country's highest level court sthe number and titles of the judges, and the types of cases heard by the court, which commonly are based on civil, criminal, administrative, and constitutional law. A number of countries have separate constitutional courts. The judge selection and term of office subfield includes the organizations and associated officials responsible for nominating and appointing j. Supreme Court consists of the chief justice and 12 justices.

Political parties and leaders: This entry includes Native ghana women naked listing of significant political parties, coalitions, Native ghana women naked electoral lists as of each country's last legislative election, unless otherwise noted.

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International organization participation: This entry lists in alphabetical order by abbreviation those international organizations in which the subject country is a member Native ghana women naked participates in some other way. Diplomatic representation in the US: This entry includes the chief of mission, chancery address, telephone, FAX, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.

Sexy vebcam Watch Funny sexy boobs Video Brazzervideo Com. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures. Total fertility rate: This entry gives a figure for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate TFR is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population change in the country. A rate of two children per woman is considered the replaceme. Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries. Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors physicians , including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1, of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that f. Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1, people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is. Drinking water source: Improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: Unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: Sanitation facility access: Improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: Unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: This entry gives an estimate of all people adults and children alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS. This entry gives an estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year. Major infectious diseases: This entry lists major infectious diseases likely to be encountered in countries where the risk of such diseases is assessed to be very high as compared to the United States. These infectious diseases represent risks to US government personnel traveling to the specified country for a period of less than three years. The degree of risk is assessed by considering the foreign nature of these infectious diseases, their severity, and the probability of being affected by the diseases present. Obesity - adult prevalence rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters. Children under the age of 5 years underweight: This entry gives the percent of children under five considered to be underweight. Underweight means weight-for-age is approximately 2 kg below for standard at age one, 3 kg below standard for ages two and three, and 4 kg below standard for ages four and five. This statistic is an indicator of the nutritional status of a community. Education expenditures: This entry provides the public expenditure on education as a percent of GDP. This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measu. School life expectancy primary to tertiary education: School life expectancy SLE is the total number of years of schooling primary to tertiary that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age. Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or qualit. Unemployment, youth ages This entry gives the percent of the total labor force ages unemployed during a specified year. Country name: This entry includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names Italy is used as an example: Also see the Terminology note. Republic of Ghana. Gold Coast. Government type: This entry gives the basic form of government. Definitions of the major governmental terms are as follows. Note that for some countries more than one definition applies. Absolute monarchy - a form of government where the monarch rules unhindered, i. Anarchy - a condition of lawlessness or political disorder brought about by the absence of governmental authority. Authoritarian - a form of government in whic. Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones. Administrative divisions: This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names BGN. Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by the BGN are noted. Geographic names conform to spellings approved by the BGN with the exception of the omission of diacritical marks and special characters. For most countries, this entry gives the date that sovereignty was achieved and from which nation, empire, or trusteeship. For the other countries, the date given may not represent "independence" in the strict sense, but rather some significant nationhood event such as the traditional founding date or the date of unification, federation, confederation, establishment, fundamental change in the form of government, or state succession. For a number of countries, the establishment of statehood. National holiday: This entry gives the primary national day of celebration - usually independence day. Independence Day, 6 March The history subfield includes the dates of previous constitutions and the main steps and dates in formulating and implementing the latest constitution. Legal system: This entry provides the description of a country's legal system. A statement on judicial review of legislative acts is also included for a number of countries. The legal systems of nearly all countries are generally modeled upon elements of five main types: An addition. International law organization participation: Appendix B: This entry gives the age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted. Executive branch: This entry includes five subentries: Chief of state includes the name, title, and beginning date in office of the titular leader of the country who represents the state at official and ceremonial functions but may not be involved with the day-to-day activities of the government. Head of government includes the name, title of the top executive designated to manage the executive branch of the government, a. Council of Ministers; nominated by the president, approved by Parliament. Legislative branch: This entry has three subfields. The description subfield provides the legislative structure unicameral — single house; bicameral — an upper and a lower house ; formal name s ; number of member seats; types of constituencies or voting districts single seat, multi-seat, nationwide ; electoral voting system s ; and member term of office. The elections subfield includes the dates of the last election and next election. Judicial branch: The highest court s subfield includes the name s of a country's highest level court s , the number and titles of the judges, and the types of cases heard by the court, which commonly are based on civil, criminal, administrative, and constitutional law. A number of countries have separate constitutional courts. The judge selection and term of office subfield includes the organizations and associated officials responsible for nominating and appointing j. Supreme Court consists of the chief justice and 12 justices. Political parties and leaders: This entry includes a listing of significant political parties, coalitions, and electoral lists as of each country's last legislative election, unless otherwise noted. International organization participation: This entry lists in alphabetical order by abbreviation those international organizations in which the subject country is a member or participates in some other way. Diplomatic representation in the US: This entry includes the chief of mission, chancery address, telephone, FAX, consulate general locations, and consulate locations. Such ambassadors fulfill all diplomatic functions except meeting with or appearing at functions attended by the president until such time as they formally present their credentials at a White Hou. New York. Diplomatic representation from the US: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations. Ambassador Stephanie S. Box , Accra. Flag description: The flags of independent states are used by their dependencies unless there is an officially recognized local flag. Some disputed and other areas do not have flags. National symbol s: A national symbol is a faunal, floral, or other abstract representation - or some distinctive object - that over time has come to be closely identified with a country or entity. Not all countries have national symbols; a few countries have more than one. National anthem: A generally patriotic musical composition - usually in the form of a song or hymn of praise - that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions, or struggles of a nation or its people. National anthems can be officially recognized as a national song by a country's constitution or by an enacted law, or simply by tradition. Although most anthems contain lyrics, some do not. God Bless Our Homeland Ghana. Economy - overview: This entry briefly describes the type of economy, including the degree of market orientation, the level of economic development, the most important natural resources, and the unique areas of specialization. It also characterizes major economic events and policy changes in the most recent 12 months and may include a statement about one or two key future macroeconomic trends. GDP purchasing power parity: This entry gives the gross domestic product GDP or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity PPP exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States in the year noted. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measur. GDP official exchange rate: The measure is simple to compute and gives a precise measure of the value of output. Many economists prefer this measure when gauging the economic power an economy maintains vis-. GDP - real growth rate: This entry gives GDP growth on an annual basis adjusted for inflation and expressed as a percent. The growth rates are year-over-year, and not compounded. This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year. Gross national saving: Gross national saving is derived by deducting final consumption expenditure household plus government from Gross national disposable income, and consists of personal saving, plus business saving the sum of the capital consumption allowance and retained business profits , plus government saving the excess of tax revenues over expenditures , but excludes foreign saving the excess of imports of goods and services over exports. The figures are presented as a percent of GDP. A negative. GDP - composition, by end use: This entry shows who does the spending in an economy: The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total percent of GDP if the data are complete. GDP - composition, by sector of origin: This entry shows where production takes place in an economy. The distribution gives the percentage contribution of agriculture, industry, and services to total GDP, and will total percent of GDP if the data are complete. Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other private economic activities that do not prod. Agriculture - products: This entry is an ordered listing of major crops and products starting with the most important. This entry provides a rank ordering of industries starting with the largest by value of annual output. Industrial production growth rate: This entry gives the annual percentage increase in industrial production includes manufacturing, mining, and construction. Labor force: This entry contains the total labor force figure. Labor force - by occupation: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by sector of occupation. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other economic activities that do not produce material goods. The distribution will total less than percent if the data are incomplete and may range from percent due to rounding. Unemployment rate: This entry contains the percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted. Population below poverty line: National estimates of the percentage of the population falling below the poverty line are based on surveys of sub-groups, with the results weighted by the number of people in each group. Definitions of poverty vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations. Household income or consumption by percentage share: Data on household income or consumption come from household surveys, the results adjusted for household size. Nations use different standards and procedures in collecting and adjusting the data. Surveys based on income will normally show a more unequal distribution than surveys based on consumption. The quality of surveys is improving with time, yet caution is still necessary in making inter-country comparisons. Distribution of family income - Gini index: This index measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of family income in a country. The index is calculated from the Lorenz curve, in which cumulative family income is plotted against the number of families arranged from the poorest to the richest. The index is the ratio of a the area between a country's Lorenz curve and the 45 degree helping line to b the entire triangular area under the 45 degree line. The more nearly equal a country's income distribution, the closer its. This entry includes revenues, expenditures, and capital expenditures. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i. Taxes and other revenues: This entry records total taxes and other revenues received by the national government during the time period indicated, expressed as a percent of GDP. Taxes include personal and corporate income taxes, value added taxes, excise taxes, and tariffs. Other revenues include social contributions - such as payments for social security and hospital insurance - grants, and net revenues from public enterprises. Normalizing the data, by dividing total revenues by GDP, enables easy comparisons acr. But there are some notable cultural differences. For one, Ghanaian men have no qualms about being affectionate—including with each other. Imagine the raised eyebrows at seeing men — self-described straight men — holding hands, hugging and dancing in groups with each other. That would never happen here in the States. However, despite having a more modern feel to the country, in some ways Ghanaians, particularly Ghanaian men, still tend to lean more on traditional gender roles. For instance, Stephanie from Brooklyn, another traveler on the tour, was sitting with me and having food and drinks at the lounge at our hotel in Accra. By human rights, he meant gender equality. And he was done with the conversation before we even started. According to both men, who hail from the Ashanti region, the foreigners, particularly NGO non-government organizations , have imposed their own values on Ghana, including the belief that women are being oppressed. Therefore, more women are willing to delay marriage and leave their husbands for what both men described as the most frivolous of reasons. How silly is that? In , a coalition of women created the Women's Manifesto for Ghana , a document that demands economic and political equality as well as reproductive health care and other rights. These are some of the main issues Ghanaian women face. The practice of gender mainstreaming has been debated in Ghana. There is ongoing discourse over whether gender issues should be handled at the national level or by sector ministries and where the economic resources for the women's movement in Ghana should come from. The NCWD's is fervent in its stance that the social and economic well-being of women, who compose slightly more than half of the nation's population, cannot be taken for granted. Among these considerations the NCWD stressed family planning , child care , and female education as paramount. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Science Technology. Arts Humanities. Popular culture. List of sports. By country. See also: Education in Ghana. Health in Ghana. Childbirth in Ghana. Women's suffrage Muslim countries US. First Second Third Fourth. Variants general. Variants religious. Lists and categories. Lists Articles Feminists by nationality Literature American feminist literature Feminist comic books. World Economic Forum. African Journal of Reproductive Health. Ghana Journal of Development Studies. BMC Public Health. International Labor and Working-Class History Perspectives from Ghana's Parliament". Journal of Alternative Perspectives in the Social Sciences. Ghana La Verle Berry, editor. This article incorporates text from this source , which is in the public domain. Retrieved 14 March Journal of Comparative Family Studies. Gage-Brandon Family Welfare and Sexual Inequality in Ghana". Population Studies. Retrieved 27 April The Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 27 Apr Is it equitable? Women's Studies Quarterly. Journal of the International African Institute. Journal of Religion and Health. Modern Ghana. Retrieved 15 March Studies in Family Planning. International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health. Legal Options for Achieving State Accountability". Canadian Journal of Women and the Law. Reproductive Health Matters. BMC Women's Health. African Women and Children: Crisis and Response. United States: Greenwood Publishing Group. Problems of Enforcement in Ghana". The British Journal of Social Work. Where Do We Stand? International Journal of Sociology of the Family. The Attitudes of Men toward Wife-Beating". Journal of International Women's Studies. Journal of Family Violence. CS1 maint: Multiple names: Polygyny and Women's Welfare in Ghana". Feminist Economics. Journal of Sexual Aggression. Retrieved A Theoretical and Empirical Exploration". Journal of Social Development in Africa. The Case of Ghana". Empowering Women for Gender Equity. Widows' Lives in Exile"..

Such ambassadors fulfill https://woodpornxxl.vip/nose-pinching/blog-horny-milf-queen.php diplomatic functions except meeting with or Native ghana women naked at functions attended by Native ghana women naked president until such time as they formally present their credentials at a White Hou. New York. Diplomatic representation from the US: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.

Ambassador Stephanie S. BoxAccra. Flag description: The flags of independent states are used by their dependencies unless there is an officially recognized local flag. Some disputed and other areas do not have flags. National symbol s: A national symbol is a faunal, floral, or other abstract representation - or some distinctive object - that over time has come to be closely identified with a country or entity.

Not all countries have national symbols; a few countries have more than one. National anthem: A generally patriotic musical composition - usually in the form of a song Native ghana women naked hymn of praise - that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions, or struggles of a nation or its people. National anthems can be officially recognized as a national song by a country's constitution or by an enacted this web page, or simply by tradition.

Although most anthems contain lyrics, some do not. God Bless Our Homeland Ghana. Economy - overview: This entry briefly describes the type of economy, including the degree of market orientation, the level of economic development, the most important natural resources, and the unique areas of specialization.

It also characterizes major economic events and policy changes in the most recent 12 months and may include a statement about one or two key future macroeconomic trends. GDP purchasing power parity: This entry gives the gross domestic product GDP or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year.

Native ghana women naked nation's GDP at purchasing power parity PPP exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States in the year noted.

This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries.

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The measur. GDP official exchange rate: The measure is Native ghana women naked to compute and gives a precise measure of the value of output.

Many economists prefer this measure when gauging the economic power an economy maintains vis. GDP - real growth rate: This entry gives GDP growth on an annual basis adjusted for inflation and expressed as a percent. The growth rates are year-over-year, and not compounded. This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year. Gross national saving: Gross national saving is derived by deducting final consumption here household plus government from Gross national disposable income, and consists of personal saving, plus business saving the sum of the capital consumption allowance and check this out business profitsplus government saving the excess of tax revenues over expendituresbut excludes foreign saving the excess of imports Native ghana women naked goods and services over exports.

The figures Native ghana women naked presented as a percent of GDP.

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A negative. GDP - composition, by end use: This entry shows who does the spending in an economy: The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total percent of GDP if the data are More info. GDP - composition, by sector of origin: This entry shows where production takes place in an economy.

The distribution gives the percentage contribution of agriculture, industry, and services to total GDP, and will total percent of GDP if Native ghana women naked data are complete. Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry.

So recently I was in Ghana on a repatriation and investment tourtaking in culture and history and some of the social scene, particularly the men folk. Well, you would be happy to know that there are some Native ghana women naked good looking men in Ghana in a variety of styles and hues.

This Native ghana women naked because they have to be ready to fight and defend their family, in case of an attack. So Kobina Native ghana women naked some strange local woman, who Native ghana women naked happened to be waiting at the pool, to come speak to us.

While she agreed with Kojo and Kobina that women do perform these duties out of respect for the family structure, she was also adamant that women, in fact, do the majority of the hard work. I guess they had to Native ghana women naked her away before she let the cat out of the bag any further. There are plenty of men I met in Ghana, who offer the same opinions as our male Ghanaian friends. In fact, there were many situations that felt similar, including talk about baby mothers, child support and cheating spouses.

Photo courtesy of Shutterstock. By continuing to use this site, you agree to our updated Terms of Service and Privacy Policy. MadameNoire is a sophisticated lifestyle publication that gives African-American Native ghana women naked the latest in fashion trends, black entertainment news, parenting tips and beauty secrets that are specifically for black Native ghana women naked.

Comment Disclaimer: Comments that contain profane or derogatory language, video links or exceed words will require approval by a moderator before appearing in the comment section. Men are Native ghana women naked able to distribute work with a female spouse in male-headed households, as most men in male-headed households are married. The disparity in land ownership increases as wealth increases.

In their Seven Roles of Women: Citing figures from the Ghana fertility survey ofthe authors concluded that about 60 percent of women in the country preferred to have large families of five or more children. The largest number of children per woman was found in the rural areas where the traditional concept of family was strongest.

Uneducated urban women also had large families. On the average, urbanized, educated, and employed women had fewer children. On the whole, all the interviewed groups saw childbirth as an essential role for women in society, either for the benefits it bestows upon the mother or for the honour it brings to her family.

The security that procreation provided was greater in the case of rural and uneducated women. By Native ghana women naked, the number of children per mother declined for women with post-elementary education and outside employment; with guaranteed incomes and little time at their disposal in their combined roles as mothers and employees, the desire to procreate declined.

The transition into the modern world has been slow for women in Ghana. High rates of female fertility in Ghana in the s exhibit, historically, that women's primary role was that of child-bearing. Some parents were reluctant to send their daughters to school because their labor was needed in the home or on the farm. Resistance to female education also stems from the conviction that women would be supported by their husbands.

In some circles, there was even the fear that a girl's marriage prospects dimmed when she became educated. Where girls went to school, most of them did not continue after receiving the basic education certification. Others did not even complete the elementary level of education, despite the Facial treatment london Act of which expanded and required elementary school. At numerous click organized by the National Council on Women and Development NCWD between andthe alarming drop-out rate among girls at the elementary school level caused great concern.

Given the drop-out rate among girls, the National Council on Women and Development NCWD called upon the government to find ways to remedy the situation. The disparity between male and female education in Ghana was again reflected in the national census.

Although the ratio of male to female registration in elementary schools was 55 to 45, the percentage of girls at the secondary-school level dropped considerably, and only about 17 percent of them were registered in the nation's universities in According to United Nations Educational, Https://woodpornxxl.vip/sloppy/video-22-04-2020.php, and Cultural Organization UNESCO figures published inthe percentage of the female population registered at various levels of the nation's educational system in showed no improvement over those recorded in Girls' access to education has shown improvement since then.

Even though women Native ghana women naked a higher population percentage, education rates are 10 percent higher for men. Inequality in gender enrollment in school remains an issue in Ghana.

Economic and cultural norms factor into the decision of whether a son or daughter will attend school if a family cannot afford to send multiple children. Public university education in Ghana has been found to be inequitable. During pre-modern Ghanaian society, in rural areas of Ghana where non-commercial agricultural production was the main economic activity, Native ghana women naked worked the land.

Although women made up a Native ghana women naked portion of agricultural work, in it was reported that women only accounted for Many of the financial benefits that accrued to these women went into upkeep of the household, while those of the man were Native ghana women naked in an enterprise that was often perceived as belonging to his extended family. This traditional division of wealth placed women in positions subordinate to men. The persistence of such values in traditional Ghanaian society may explain some of the resistance to female education in the past.

For women of little or no education who lived in urban centrescommerce was the most common form of economic activity in the s.

At urban market centres throughout the country, women from the Native ghana women naked areas brought their goods to trade. Other women specialized in buying agricultural produce at discounted prices at the rural farms and selling it to retailers in the city. These economic activities were crucial in sustaining the general urban population.

From the mids to the early s, however, urban market women, especially those who specialized in trading manufactured goods, gained reputations for manipulating market conditions and were accused of Native ghana women naked the country's already difficult economic situation.

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With the introduction of the Economic Recovery Program in and the consequent successes reported throughout that decade, these accusations began to subside. Today, women make up There are distinct differences in artisan apprenticeships offered to women and men, as well.

Men are offered a much wider range of apprenticeships such as carpentersmasonsblacksmithsmechanicspaintersrepairers of electrical and electronic appliances, upholstersmetal workerscar sprayers, etc. In contrast, most female artisans are only Native ghana women naked in either hairdressing Native ghana women naked dressmaking.

Women are flourishing in teaching professions.

The status of Women in Ghana and their roles in Ghanian society has changed over the past few decades. Multiple forms of violence against women still exist in Ghana.

Early s' data showed that about 19 percent of the instructional staff at the nation's three universities in was female. Of the teaching staff in specialized and diploma -granting institutions, 20 percent was female; elsewhere, corresponding figures were 21 percent at the secondary-school level; 23 percent at the middle-school level, and as high as 42 percent at the primary-school level.

Women also dominated Native ghana women naked secretarial and nursing professions in Ghana. Although women have been assigned secretarial roles, some women are bridging the gap by learning how to code and take on men's role such as painters, electricians Native ghana women naked.

This is changing the discourse of how the role of women in the workplace and the nature of their jobs are evolving with time. When women were employed in the same line of work as men, they were paid check this out wages, and they were granted maternity leave with pay. Reproduction related cases are the cause of many health problems for women in Ghana.

This number was lower than that for boys, which was 77 per 1, The birthrate for adolescents aged 15—19 in Ghana is 60 per women. Both fought against abortions, and reduced about 50 percent of the child and maternal mortality rates. Among women 15—49 years old, According to MICS, this is called unmet need. Inthe Government of Ghana announced that it had eliminated maternal and neonatal tetanus. Pregnant women are more vulnerable to malaria due to depression of the immune system.

In accordance, the poorest women in Ghana show the highest rates of sleeping under mosquito nets, while the richest show the lowest rates. A law passed in allows for Native ghana women naked abortion in Ghana under certain conditions. These conditions include rape, incest, or risk the mental or physical Native ghana women naked of the woman. However, unsafe abortion remains prevalent, and abortion remains the highest more info to maternal mortality.

Among women in the poorest households, only Of the women who achieved NHIS membership, Women of all ages, socio-economic statuses, and geographic location in Ghana are affected by different forms of violence against women. Domestic violence is one of the most common forms of violence against women in Ghana. Historically, Ghanian women have faced violence from certain Native ghana women naked practices.

Efforts have been made by both the government and non-governmental organizations to end acts of violence against women.

There are multiple factors that are believed to be influential in Native ghana women naked high rates of domestic violence in Ghana. Traditional gender roles in Ghana keep women in the homes to Native ghana women naked of the children, while men are expected to be the breadwinners.

Spousal abuse is more common when women choose to follow a career outside the home. The practice of polygyny in Ghana also contributes to rates of domestic violence. Women in urban areas face different rates of domestic violence than women in rural areas in Ghana. The Ghanian government has attempted to end domestic violence against women.

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Full frontal nude women pics. Its total fertility rate fell significantly during the s and s but has stalled at around four children per woman for the last few years.

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Fertility remains higher in the northern region than the Greater Accra region. On average, desired fertility has remained stable for several years; urban dwellers want fewer children than rural residents. Poverty has declined in Ghana, but it remains pervasive in the northern region, which is susceptible to droughts and floods and has less access to transportation infrastructure, markets, fertile farming land, go here industrial centers.

The northern region also has lower school enrollment, higher illiteracy, and fewer opportunities for women. In the late s, worsening economic and social conditions discouraged immigration, and hundreds of thousands of immigrants, mostly Nigerians, were expelled. Later, hundreds of thousands of Ghanaians migrated to Nigeria to Native ghana women naked in its booming oil industry, but most were deported in and as oil prices plummeted.

Many Ghanaians then turned to more distant destinations, including other parts of Africa, Europe, and North America, but the majority continued to migrate within West Africa. Since the s, increased emigration of skilled Ghanaians, especially to the US and the UK, drained the country of its health care and education professionals. Internally, poverty and other developmental disparities continue to Native ghana women naked Ghanaians from the north Native ghana women naked the south, particularly to its urban centers.

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Ghana has more than 20 registered parties; included are 5 of the more popular parties as of May Ghana has a market-based economy with relatively few policy barriers to trade and Native ghana women naked in comparison with other countries in the region, and Ghana is endowed with natural resources.

Ghana's economy was strengthened by a quarter century of relatively sound management, a competitive business environment, and sustained reductions in poverty levels, but in recent years has suffered the consequences of Native ghana women naked fiscal policy, high budget and current account deficits, and a depreciating currency.

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Gold, oil, and cocoa exports, and individual remittances, are major Native ghana women naked of foreign exchange. Production at Jubilee, Ghana's first commercial offshore oilfield, began in mid-December Production from two more fields, TEN and Sankofa, started in and respectively. As ofkey economic concerns facing the government include the lack of Native ghana women naked electricity, lack of a solid go here revenue base, and the high debt burden.

We read every letter or e-mail we receive, and we will convey your comments to CIA officials outside OPA as appropriate. However, with limited staff and resources, we simply cannot respond to all who write to us.

Fuking Xxxvedeo Watch Free sec sites Video Thamilnadu sex. Ghana has more than 20 registered parties; included are 5 of the more popular parties as of May Ghana has a market-based economy with relatively few policy barriers to trade and investment in comparison with other countries in the region, and Ghana is endowed with natural resources. Ghana's economy was strengthened by a quarter century of relatively sound management, a competitive business environment, and sustained reductions in poverty levels, but in recent years has suffered the consequences of loose fiscal policy, high budget and current account deficits, and a depreciating currency. Gold, oil, and cocoa exports, and individual remittances, are major sources of foreign exchange. Production at Jubilee, Ghana's first commercial offshore oilfield, began in mid-December Production from two more fields, TEN and Sankofa, started in and respectively. As of , key economic concerns facing the government include the lack of affordable electricity, lack of a solid domestic revenue base, and the high debt burden. We read every letter or e-mail we receive, and we will convey your comments to CIA officials outside OPA as appropriate. However, with limited staff and resources, we simply cannot respond to all who write to us. Submit questions or comments online. By postal mail: Contact the Office of Privacy and Civil Liberties. Contact the Office of Inspector General. Contact the Employment Verification Office. We do not routinely respond to questions for which answers are found within this Web site. Recruiting will contact applicants within 45 days if their qualifications meet our needs. If you know of an imminent threat to a location inside the U. For threats outside the U. Please know, CIA does not engage in law enforcement. In addition to the options below, individuals contact CIA in a variety of creative ways. The best method depends on your personal situation. Depending on what you provide, we may offer you compensation. We cannot guarantee a response to every message. We reply first to messages of greater interest to us and to those with more detail. Our response will occur via a secure method. Send a message here. We go to great lengths to keep this channel secure, but any communication via the internet poses some risk. You can also mail a letter to a U. Embassy or Consulate and request it be forwarded to CIA. Please note we have no control over the security and reliability of postal mail. Outside the U. Third Party: Javascript must be enabled for the correct page display Library. Abbreviations B: International Organizations and Groups C: Selected International Environmental Agreements D: Ghana Print. Page last updated on April 03, Flag Description. Two satellite images encompassing most of Ghana reveal extensive flooding. The view on the left taken on 12 September shows river systems throughout the length and breadth of the small country swollen compared to conditions in June right before the rainy season started. The most flooded rivers are the White Volta and its tributaries. The Oti River, which flows into Lake Volta from the northeast, is also running high. In both images clouds blanket parts of the scene. The clouds are pale blue and white in these false-color images that combine both visible and infrared light. Water is black and dark blue, and plant-covered land is green. Bare earth or lightly vegetated land is tan. Photos courtesy of NASA. Factbook photos - obtained from a variety of sources - are in the public domain and are copyright free. Agency Copyright Notice. This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends. Formed from the merger of the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory, Ghana in became the first sub-Saharan country in colonial Africa to gain its independence. Ghana endured a series of coups before Lt. After approving a new constitution and restoring multiparty politics in , RAWLINGS won presidential elections in and but was constitutionally prevented from running for a third term in This entry identifies the country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water. Geographic coordinates: This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the centroid or center point of a country expressed in degrees and minutes; it is based on the locations provided in the Geographic Names Server GNS , maintained by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency on behalf of the US Board on Geographic Names. Map references: This entry includes the name of the Factbook reference map on which a country may be found. Note that boundary representations on these maps are not necessarily authoritative. The entry on Geographic coordinates may be helpful in finding some smaller countries. This entry includes three subfields. Area - comparative: This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents. Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 states based on area measurements revised provided by the US Bureau of the Census. Land boundaries: This entry contains the total length of all land boundaries and the individual lengths for each of the contiguous border countries. When available, official lengths published by national statistical agencies are used. Because surveying methods may differ, country border lengths reported by contiguous countries may differ. Burkina Faso km, Cote d'Ivoire km, Togo km. This entry gives the total length of the boundary between the land area including islands and the sea. Maritime claims: This entry includes the following claims, the definitions of which are excerpted from the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea UNCLOS , which alone contains the full and definitive descriptions: This entry includes a brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year; in the Word entry only, it includes four subfields that describe climate extremes: This entry contains a brief description of the topography. This entry includes the mean elevation and elevation extremes, lowest point and highest point. Atlantic Ocean 0 m. Mount Afadjato m. Natural resources: This entry lists a country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance, such as rare earth elements REEs. In general, products appear only if they make a significant contribution to the economy, or are likely to do so in the future. Land use: This entry contains the percentage shares of total land area for three different types of land use: Irrigated land: This entry gives the number of square kilometers of land area that is artificially supplied with water. Population distribution: This entry provides a summary description of the population dispersion within a country. While it may suggest population density, it does not provide density figures. Natural hazards: This entry lists potential natural disasters. For countries where volcanic activity is common, a volcanism subfield highlights historically active volcanoes. Environment - current issues: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry: Acidification - the lowering of soil and water pH due to acid precipitation and deposition usually through precipitation; this process disrupts ecosystem nutrient flows and may kill freshwater fish and plants dependent on more neutral or alkaline conditions see acid rain. Acid rain - characterized as containing harmful levels of sulfur dioxi. Environment - international agreements: This entry separates country participation in international environmental agreements into two levels - party to and signed, but not ratified. Agreements are listed in alphabetical order by the abbreviated form of the full name. Marine Life Conservation. Geography - note: Lake Volta is the world's largest artificial lake manmade reservoir by surface area 8, sq km; 3, sq mi ; the lake was created following the completion of the Akosombo Dam in , which holds back the White Volta and Black Volta Rivers. People and Society:: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Starting with the Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries mostly African have explicitly taken into account t. This entry provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective. Ghanaian s. Ethnic groups: This entry provides an ordered listing of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population. Akan This entry provides a listing of languages spoken in each country and specifies any that are official national or regional languages. When data is available, the languages spoken in each country are broken down according to the percent of the total population speaking each language as a first language. For those countries without available data, languages are listed in rank order based on prevalence, starting with the most-spoken language. English is the official language. This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below. Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali known as Baha'u'llah in Iran in , Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace m. Christian Demographic profile: Some of the topics addressed are population age structure, fertility, health, mortality, poverty, education, and migration. Age structure: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations high percentage under age 15 need to invest more in schools, while countries with older population. Image Description. This is the population pyramid for Ghana. A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends. Dependency ratios: Dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility leve. Median age: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Niger and Uganda to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a high. Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus or deficit of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure e. Rapid population growth can be seen as. Birth rate: This entry gives the average annual number of births during a year per 1, persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population. Death rate: This entry gives the average annual number of deaths during a year per 1, population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining. Net migration rate: This entry includes the figure for the difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1, persons based on midyear population. An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration e. The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population chan. This entry provides two measures of the degree of urbanization of a population. The first, urban population, describes the percentage of the total population living in urban areas, as defined by the country. The second, rate of urbanization, describes the projected average rate of change of the size of the urban population over the given period of time. Additionally, the World entry includes a list of the ten largest urban agglomerations. An urban agglomeration is defined as comprising th. Major urban areas - population: This entry provides the population of the capital and up to six major cities defined as urban agglomerations with populations of at least , people. An urban agglomeration is defined as comprising the city or town proper and also the suburban fringe or thickly settled territory lying outside of, but adjacent to, the boundaries of the city. For smaller countries, lacking urban centers of , or more, only the population of the capital is presented. Sex ratio: This entry includes the number of males for each female in five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertilit. Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean average age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use — particularly among married and unmarried adolescents — delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns. Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate MMR is the annual number of female deaths per , live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management excluding accidental or incidental causes. The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year. Infant mortality rate: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1, live births in the same year. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country. Life expectancy at birth: This entry contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. And after all that huffing and puffing she does, the guy casually picks up the ink, puts it in a pot and stirs it — and that is the extent of his job. According to him, men are the ones who cut the wood and bring the food to make the stuff in the pot. Who do you think finds the food? Women are not going to go up in the tree to get the coconuts, instead, they want us to do the heavy lifting jobs. This is because they have to be ready to fight and defend their family, in case of an attack. So Kobina invited some strange local woman, who just happened to be waiting at the pool, to come speak to us. While she agreed with Kojo and Kobina that women do perform these duties out of respect for the family structure, she was also adamant that women, in fact, do the majority of the hard work. I guess they had to send her away before she let the cat out of the bag any further. There are plenty of men I met in Ghana, who offer the same opinions as our male Ghanaian friends. In fact, there were many situations that felt similar, including talk about baby mothers, child support and cheating spouses. Photo courtesy of Shutterstock. In , a coalition of women created the Women's Manifesto for Ghana , a document that demands economic and political equality as well as reproductive health care and other rights. These are some of the main issues Ghanaian women face. The practice of gender mainstreaming has been debated in Ghana. There is ongoing discourse over whether gender issues should be handled at the national level or by sector ministries and where the economic resources for the women's movement in Ghana should come from. The NCWD's is fervent in its stance that the social and economic well-being of women, who compose slightly more than half of the nation's population, cannot be taken for granted. Among these considerations the NCWD stressed family planning , child care , and female education as paramount. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Science Technology. Arts Humanities. Popular culture. List of sports. By country. See also: Education in Ghana. Health in Ghana. Childbirth in Ghana. Women's suffrage Muslim countries US. First Second Third Fourth. Variants general. Variants religious. Lists and categories. Lists Articles Feminists by nationality Literature American feminist literature Feminist comic books. World Economic Forum. African Journal of Reproductive Health. Ghana Journal of Development Studies. BMC Public Health. International Labor and Working-Class History Perspectives from Ghana's Parliament". Journal of Alternative Perspectives in the Social Sciences. Ghana La Verle Berry, editor. This article incorporates text from this source , which is in the public domain. Retrieved 14 March Journal of Comparative Family Studies. Gage-Brandon Family Welfare and Sexual Inequality in Ghana". Population Studies. Retrieved 27 April The Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 27 Apr Is it equitable? Women's Studies Quarterly. Journal of the International African Institute. Journal of Religion and Health. Modern Ghana. Retrieved 15 March Studies in Family Planning. International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health. Legal Options for Achieving State Accountability". Canadian Journal of Women and the Law. Reproductive Health Matters. BMC Women's Health. African Women and Children: Crisis and Response. United States: Greenwood Publishing Group. Problems of Enforcement in Ghana". The British Journal of Social Work. Where Do We Stand? International Journal of Sociology of the Family. The Attitudes of Men toward Wife-Beating". Journal of International Women's Studies. Journal of Family Violence. CS1 maint: Multiple names: Polygyny and Women's Welfare in Ghana". Feminist Economics. Journal of Sexual Aggression. Retrieved A Theoretical and Empirical Exploration". Journal of Social Development in Africa. The Case of Ghana". Empowering Women for Gender Equity. Widows' Lives in Exile"..

Submit questions or comments online. By postal mail: Contact the Office of Privacy and Civil Liberties. Contact the Office of Inspector General. Contact the Employment Verification Office. We do not routinely respond to questions for which answers are found within this Web site. Recruiting will contact applicants within 45 days if their qualifications meet our needs. If you know of an imminent threat to a location inside the U. For threats outside the U. Please know, CIA does not engage in law enforcement.

In addition to the options below, read more contact CIA in Native ghana women naked variety of creative ways. The best method depends on your personal situation. Depending on what you provide, we may offer you compensation. We cannot guarantee a response to every message. We reply first to messages of greater interest to us and to those with more detail. Our response will occur via a secure Native ghana women naked. Send a message here.

Native ghana women naked go to great lengths to keep this channel secure, but any communication via the internet poses some risk. You can also mail a letter to a U. Embassy or Consulate and request it be forwarded to CIA.

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Please note we have no control Native ghana women naked the security and reliability of postal mail. Outside the U. Third Party: Javascript must be enabled for the correct Native ghana women naked display Library. Abbreviations B: International Organizations and Groups C: Selected International Environmental Agreements D: Ghana Print.

Page last updated on April 03, Flag Description. Two satellite images encompassing most of Ghana reveal extensive flooding. The view on the left taken on 12 September shows river systems throughout the length and breadth of the small country swollen compared to conditions in June right before the rainy season started.

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The most flooded rivers are the White Volta and its tributaries. The Oti River, which flows into Lake Volta from the northeast, is also running high. In both images clouds blanket parts of the scene.

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The clouds are pale blue and white in these false-color images that combine both visible and infrared light. Water is black and dark blue, and plant-covered land is green. Bare earth or lightly vegetated land is tan. Photos courtesy of NASA. Factbook photos - obtained from a variety of sources - are in the public domain and are copyright free.

Agency Copyright Notice. This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement Native ghana women naked one or Native ghana women naked key future trends. Formed from the merger of the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory, Ghana in became the first sub-Saharan Native ghana women naked in colonial Africa to Native ghana women naked its independence.

Ghana endured a series of coups before Lt. After approving a new constitution and restoring multiparty politics inRAWLINGS won presidential elections in and but was constitutionally prevented from running for a third Amateur taboo sibling porn in This entry identifies the country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water.

Geographic coordinates: This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the centroid or center point of a country expressed in degrees and minutes; it is based on the locations provided in the Geographic Names Server GNSmaintained by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency on behalf of the US Board on Geographic Names. Map references: This entry includes the name of the Factbook reference map on which a country may be found.

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Note that boundary representations on these maps are not necessarily authoritative. The entry on Geographic coordinates may be helpful in finding some smaller countries.

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This entry includes three subfields. Area - comparative: This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents.

Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 states based on area measurements revised provided by the US Bureau of the Census. Land boundaries: This entry contains the total length of click land boundaries and the individual lengths for each of the contiguous border countries.

When available, official lengths published by national statistical agencies are used. Because surveying methods may differ, country border lengths reported by contiguous countries may differ. Burkina Faso km, Cote d'Ivoire km, Togo km.

This entry gives the total length of the boundary between the land area including islands and the sea. Maritime claims: This entry includes the following claims, the definitions of which are excerpted from the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea UNCLOSwhich alone contains the full and definitive descriptions: This entry includes a brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year; in the Word entry only, it includes four subfields that describe climate extremes: This entry contains a brief description of the topography.

This entry includes the mean elevation and elevation extremes, lowest point and highest point. Atlantic Ocean 0 m. Mount Afadjato m. Natural resources: This entry lists a country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance, such as Native ghana women naked earth elements REEs. In general, products appear only if they Native ghana women naked a significant Native ghana women naked to the economy, or are likely to do so in the future.

Land use: This entry contains the percentage shares of total land area for three different please click for source of land use: Irrigated land: This entry gives the number of square kilometers of land area that is artificially supplied with water.

Blowjobs video Watch Amatuer whore pics Video Sexy storiee. That would never happen here in the States. However, despite having a more modern feel to the country, in some ways Ghanaians, particularly Ghanaian men, still tend to lean more on traditional gender roles. For instance, Stephanie from Brooklyn, another traveler on the tour, was sitting with me and having food and drinks at the lounge at our hotel in Accra. By human rights, he meant gender equality. And he was done with the conversation before we even started. According to both men, who hail from the Ashanti region, the foreigners, particularly NGO non-government organizations , have imposed their own values on Ghana, including the belief that women are being oppressed. Therefore, more women are willing to delay marriage and leave their husbands for what both men described as the most frivolous of reasons. How silly is that? As Kobina explained, there are duties in society that each gender is expected to perform. Women are expected to take care of the house, take care of the children, take care of the men and perform their womanly duties every night — the latter of which was emphasized many times. In fact, said Kobina, when it comes to the home front, the family is very matriarchal. Women of all ages, socio-economic statuses, and geographic location in Ghana are affected by different forms of violence against women. Domestic violence is one of the most common forms of violence against women in Ghana. Historically, Ghanian women have faced violence from certain cultural practices. Efforts have been made by both the government and non-governmental organizations to end acts of violence against women. There are multiple factors that are believed to be influential in the high rates of domestic violence in Ghana. Traditional gender roles in Ghana keep women in the homes to care of the children, while men are expected to be the breadwinners. Spousal abuse is more common when women choose to follow a career outside the home. The practice of polygyny in Ghana also contributes to rates of domestic violence. Women in urban areas face different rates of domestic violence than women in rural areas in Ghana. The Ghanian government has attempted to end domestic violence against women. Rape is a major issue in Ghana. Marital rape is also a major issue in Ghana. The Criminal Code in Ghana previously had a marriage exception, which stated "a person may revoke any consent which he has given to the use of force against him, and his consent when so revoked shall have no effect for justifying force save that the consent given by a husband or wife at marriage, for the purposes of the marriage, cannot be revoked until the parties are divorced or separated by a judgement or decree of a competent court. Despite legislation against marital rape, there remains a social view that the happenings inside the home are private matters that should not be publicly addressed. Young girls also face sexual assault in Ghana. FGM in Ghana can be performed at multiple points in a girls life. The exact number of women and girls involved in human trafficking in Ghana is unknown. It is thought that relatives accused them of witchcraft in order to take control of their husbands' possessions. Feminist organizing has increased in Ghana as women seek to obtain a stronger role in their democratic government. In , a coalition of women created the Women's Manifesto for Ghana , a document that demands economic and political equality as well as reproductive health care and other rights. These are some of the main issues Ghanaian women face. The practice of gender mainstreaming has been debated in Ghana. There is ongoing discourse over whether gender issues should be handled at the national level or by sector ministries and where the economic resources for the women's movement in Ghana should come from. The NCWD's is fervent in its stance that the social and economic well-being of women, who compose slightly more than half of the nation's population, cannot be taken for granted. Among these considerations the NCWD stressed family planning , child care , and female education as paramount. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Science Technology. Arts Humanities. Popular culture. List of sports. By country. See also: Education in Ghana. Health in Ghana. Childbirth in Ghana. Women's suffrage Muslim countries US. First Second Third Fourth. Variants general. Variants religious. Lists and categories. Lists Articles Feminists by nationality Literature American feminist literature Feminist comic books. World Economic Forum. African Journal of Reproductive Health. Ghana Journal of Development Studies. BMC Public Health. International Labor and Working-Class History Perspectives from Ghana's Parliament". Journal of Alternative Perspectives in the Social Sciences. Ghana La Verle Berry, editor. This article incorporates text from this source , which is in the public domain. Retrieved 14 March Journal of Comparative Family Studies. Gage-Brandon Family Welfare and Sexual Inequality in Ghana". Population Studies. Retrieved 27 April The Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 27 Apr Is it equitable? Women's Studies Quarterly. Journal of the International African Institute. Journal of Religion and Health. Modern Ghana. Retrieved 15 March Studies in Family Planning. International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health. Legal Options for Achieving State Accountability". Canadian Journal of Women and the Law. Reproductive Health Matters. BMC Women's Health. African Women and Children: Crisis and Response. United States: The second, rate of urbanization, describes the projected average rate of change of the size of the urban population over the given period of time. Additionally, the World entry includes a list of the ten largest urban agglomerations. An urban agglomeration is defined as comprising th. Major urban areas - population: This entry provides the population of the capital and up to six major cities defined as urban agglomerations with populations of at least , people. An urban agglomeration is defined as comprising the city or town proper and also the suburban fringe or thickly settled territory lying outside of, but adjacent to, the boundaries of the city. For smaller countries, lacking urban centers of , or more, only the population of the capital is presented. Sex ratio: This entry includes the number of males for each female in five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertilit. Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean average age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use — particularly among married and unmarried adolescents — delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns. Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate MMR is the annual number of female deaths per , live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management excluding accidental or incidental causes. The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year. Infant mortality rate: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1, live births in the same year. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country. Life expectancy at birth: This entry contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures. Total fertility rate: This entry gives a figure for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate TFR is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population change in the country. A rate of two children per woman is considered the replaceme. Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries. Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors physicians , including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1, of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that f. Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1, people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is. Drinking water source: Improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: Unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: Sanitation facility access: Improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: Unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: This entry gives an estimate of all people adults and children alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS. This entry gives an estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year. Major infectious diseases: This entry lists major infectious diseases likely to be encountered in countries where the risk of such diseases is assessed to be very high as compared to the United States. These infectious diseases represent risks to US government personnel traveling to the specified country for a period of less than three years. The degree of risk is assessed by considering the foreign nature of these infectious diseases, their severity, and the probability of being affected by the diseases present. Obesity - adult prevalence rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters. Children under the age of 5 years underweight: This entry gives the percent of children under five considered to be underweight. Underweight means weight-for-age is approximately 2 kg below for standard at age one, 3 kg below standard for ages two and three, and 4 kg below standard for ages four and five. This statistic is an indicator of the nutritional status of a community. Education expenditures: This entry provides the public expenditure on education as a percent of GDP. This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measu. School life expectancy primary to tertiary education: School life expectancy SLE is the total number of years of schooling primary to tertiary that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age. Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or qualit. Unemployment, youth ages This entry gives the percent of the total labor force ages unemployed during a specified year. Country name: This entry includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names Italy is used as an example: Also see the Terminology note. Republic of Ghana. Gold Coast. Government type: This entry gives the basic form of government. Definitions of the major governmental terms are as follows. Note that for some countries more than one definition applies. Absolute monarchy - a form of government where the monarch rules unhindered, i. Anarchy - a condition of lawlessness or political disorder brought about by the absence of governmental authority. Authoritarian - a form of government in whic. Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones. Administrative divisions: This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names BGN. Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by the BGN are noted. Geographic names conform to spellings approved by the BGN with the exception of the omission of diacritical marks and special characters. For most countries, this entry gives the date that sovereignty was achieved and from which nation, empire, or trusteeship. For the other countries, the date given may not represent "independence" in the strict sense, but rather some significant nationhood event such as the traditional founding date or the date of unification, federation, confederation, establishment, fundamental change in the form of government, or state succession. For a number of countries, the establishment of statehood. National holiday: This entry gives the primary national day of celebration - usually independence day. Independence Day, 6 March The history subfield includes the dates of previous constitutions and the main steps and dates in formulating and implementing the latest constitution. Legal system: This entry provides the description of a country's legal system. A statement on judicial review of legislative acts is also included for a number of countries. The legal systems of nearly all countries are generally modeled upon elements of five main types: An addition. International law organization participation: Appendix B: This entry gives the age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted. Executive branch: This entry includes five subentries: Chief of state includes the name, title, and beginning date in office of the titular leader of the country who represents the state at official and ceremonial functions but may not be involved with the day-to-day activities of the government. Head of government includes the name, title of the top executive designated to manage the executive branch of the government, a. Council of Ministers; nominated by the president, approved by Parliament. Legislative branch: This entry has three subfields. The description subfield provides the legislative structure unicameral — single house; bicameral — an upper and a lower house ; formal name s ; number of member seats; types of constituencies or voting districts single seat, multi-seat, nationwide ; electoral voting system s ; and member term of office. The elections subfield includes the dates of the last election and next election. Judicial branch: The highest court s subfield includes the name s of a country's highest level court s , the number and titles of the judges, and the types of cases heard by the court, which commonly are based on civil, criminal, administrative, and constitutional law. A number of countries have separate constitutional courts. The judge selection and term of office subfield includes the organizations and associated officials responsible for nominating and appointing j. Supreme Court consists of the chief justice and 12 justices. Political parties and leaders: This entry includes a listing of significant political parties, coalitions, and electoral lists as of each country's last legislative election, unless otherwise noted. International organization participation: This entry lists in alphabetical order by abbreviation those international organizations in which the subject country is a member or participates in some other way. Diplomatic representation in the US: This entry includes the chief of mission, chancery address, telephone, FAX, consulate general locations, and consulate locations. Such ambassadors fulfill all diplomatic functions except meeting with or appearing at functions attended by the president until such time as they formally present their credentials at a White Hou. New York. Diplomatic representation from the US: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations. Ambassador Stephanie S. Box , Accra. Flag description: The flags of independent states are used by their dependencies unless there is an officially recognized local flag. Some disputed and other areas do not have flags. National symbol s: A national symbol is a faunal, floral, or other abstract representation - or some distinctive object - that over time has come to be closely identified with a country or entity. Not all countries have national symbols; a few countries have more than one. National anthem: A generally patriotic musical composition - usually in the form of a song or hymn of praise - that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions, or struggles of a nation or its people. National anthems can be officially recognized as a national song by a country's constitution or by an enacted law, or simply by tradition. Although most anthems contain lyrics, some do not. God Bless Our Homeland Ghana. Economy - overview: This entry briefly describes the type of economy, including the degree of market orientation, the level of economic development, the most important natural resources, and the unique areas of specialization. It also characterizes major economic events and policy changes in the most recent 12 months and may include a statement about one or two key future macroeconomic trends. GDP purchasing power parity: This entry gives the gross domestic product GDP or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity PPP exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States in the year noted. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measur. GDP official exchange rate: The measure is simple to compute and gives a precise measure of the value of output. Many economists prefer this measure when gauging the economic power an economy maintains vis-. GDP - real growth rate: This entry gives GDP growth on an annual basis adjusted for inflation and expressed as a percent. The growth rates are year-over-year, and not compounded. This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year. Gross national saving: Gross national saving is derived by deducting final consumption expenditure household plus government from Gross national disposable income, and consists of personal saving, plus business saving the sum of the capital consumption allowance and retained business profits , plus government saving the excess of tax revenues over expenditures , but excludes foreign saving the excess of imports of goods and services over exports. The figures are presented as a percent of GDP. A negative. GDP - composition, by end use: This entry shows who does the spending in an economy: The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total percent of GDP if the data are complete. GDP - composition, by sector of origin: This entry shows where production takes place in an economy. The distribution gives the percentage contribution of agriculture, industry, and services to total GDP, and will total percent of GDP if the data are complete. Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other private economic activities that do not prod. Agriculture - products: This entry is an ordered listing of major crops and products starting with the most important. This entry provides a rank ordering of industries starting with the largest by value of annual output. Industrial production growth rate: This entry gives the annual percentage increase in industrial production includes manufacturing, mining, and construction. Labor force: This entry contains the total labor force figure. Labor force - by occupation: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by sector of occupation. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other economic activities that do not produce material goods. The distribution will total less than percent if the data are incomplete and may range from percent due to rounding. Unemployment rate:.

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